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  • 成人教育学位英语教案

    时间:2016-06-20来源:海达范文网

    相关热词搜索:成人教育 学位 英语教案 学位英语多少分过关 成人教育学位英语考试 学位英语难吗

    篇一:英语试题练习题教案学案课件吉林省成人本科学士学位英语统考试大纲

    英语试题练习题教案学案课件吉林省成人本科学士学位英语统考试题

    2010.11.06

    Part I Reading Comprehension (30%)

    Directions: There are three passages in this part. Each passage is followed by some questions or unfinished statements. For each of them there are four choices marked A, B, C and D. You should decide on the best choice and blacken the corresponding letter on the Answer Sheet.

    Passage 1

    Questions 1 to 5 are based on the following passage:

    Archaeology, like many academic words, comes from Greek and means, more or less, “the study of old things”. So, it is really a part of the study of history. However, most historians use paper evidence, such as letters, paintings and

    photographs,but archaeologists (考古学家) learn from the objects left behind by the humans of long ago. Normally, these are the hard materials that don't break down or disappear very quickly—things like human bones and objects made from stone and metal.

    It is very unusual to find anything more than the hard evidence of

    history--normally, the bacteria (细菌) in the air eat away at soft materials, like bodies, clothes and things made of wood. Occasionally, things are different. In 1984, two men made an amazing discovery while working in a bog called Lindow Moss, in the north of England. A bog is a very wet area of earth, with a lot of plants growing in it. It can be like a very big and very thick vegetable soup—walk in the wrong place and you can sink and disappear forever. The men were working when one of them saw something sticking out—a human foot! Naturally, the men called the police,who then found the rest of the body. Was it a case of murder? Possibly--but it was a death nearly two thousand years old. The two men had found a body from the time of the Roman invasion of Britain. Despite being so old, this body had skin, muscles, hair and internal organs—the scientists who examined him were able to look inside the man's stomach and find the food that he had eaten for his last meal! Why was this man so well preserved? (76) It was because he was in a very watery environment, safe fi:om the bacteria that need oxygen to live. Also, the water in the bog was very acidic. The acid preserved the man's skin in the way that animal skin is preserved for leather coats and shoes.

    How did he die? Understandably, archaeologists and other scientists wanted to know more about the person that they called,“Lindow Man”. (77) His hands and fingernails suggested that he hadn't done heavy manual work in his life—he could have been a rich man. They found that he hadn't died by accident. The archaeologists believe that he was sacrificed to three different gods.

    1. Which language does the word “archaeology”come from?

    A. French. B. Greek. C. Roman. D. German.

    2. The word “these” in the first paragraph refers to_______.

    A. letters B. photographsC. paintings D. objects

    3. Which of the following helped to preserve“Lindow Man”?

    A. Ice and Iow temperature.B. Bacteria and oxygen.

    C. Soil and energy. D. Acid and water.

    4. According to the passage, which of the following statements is TRUE?

    A. “Lindow Man”was named after the person who first found him.

    B. Historians usually use paper evidence, while archaeologists use hard evidence.

    C. “Lindow Man” was found by two archaeologists in the south of England.

    D. “Lindow Man”was good at manual work.

    5. Which is the best title for the passage?

    A. What Is Archaeology?

    B. Archaeology and History

    C. An Amazing Archaeological Discovery

    D. The Death of“Lindow Man”

    Passage 2

    Questions 6 to 10 are based on the following passage:

    The city has always been an engine of intellectual life, from the 18th-century cafes of London, where citizens gathered to discuss chemistry and politics, to the Left Bank bars of modern Paris, where Picasso talked about modem art. Without the metropolis, we might not have had the great art of Shakespeare.

    And yet, city life isn't easy. Now scientists have begun to examine how the city affects the brain, and the results are depressing. Just being in an urban environment, they have found, impairs (损害) our basic mental processes. (78) After spending a few minutes on a crowded city street, the brain is less able to hold things in memory, and suffers from reduced self-control. While it's long been recognized that city life is exhausting, this new research suggests that cities actually dull our thinking, sometimes dramatically so.

    One of the main forces at work is a complete lack of nature, which is surprisingly beneficial for the brain. Studies have demonstrated, for instance, that hospital patients recover more quickly when they can see trees from their windows, and that women living in public housing are better able to focus when their apartments overlook a lawn. Even these glimpses of nature improve brain performance, it seems, because they provide a mental break from the urban life.

    This research arrives just as humans cross an important milestone (里程碑). For the first time in history, the majority of people live in cities. Instead of inhabiting wide-open spaces, we're crowded into concrete jungles, surrounded by

    traffic and millions of Strangers. In recent years, it's become clear that such unnatural surroundings have important implications for our mental and physical health, and can powerfully alter how we think.

    This research is also leading some scientists to dabble (涉足) in urban design, as they look for ways to make the city less damaging to the brain. (79) The good news is that even slight alterations, such as planting more trees in the inner city or creating urban parks with a greater variety of plants, can significantly reduce the negative side effects of city life. The mind needs nature, and even a little bit can be a big help.

    6. Which of the following is the main idea of this passage?

    A. The city inspires talented people.

    B. The city hurts your brain.

    C. The city has many pleasures and benefits.

    D. The city seriously affects the natural balance.

    7. The word “metropolis” in the first paragraph is closest in meaning to_______.

    A. citizen B. natureC. city D. stress 8. People have just come to realize that_______.

    A. human attention is a scarce resource

    B. city life can make people very tired

    C. the city is an engine of intellectual life

    D. an urban environment is damaging to the brain

    9. What is the factor mentioned in the third paragraph that helps the hospital patients recover more quickly?

    A. Nature.B. Better treatment.

    C. Experienced doctors. D. Good medicine.

    10. According to the passage, which of the following statements is TRUE?

    A. Different aspects (方面) of an urban environment, such as the crowded streets, can lead to an increase in self-control.

    B. Small changes in urban design, cannot reduce the negative side effects of city life.

    C. For the first time in history, the earth's population is more urban than rural.

    D. A walk down a busy city street will improve brain performance.

    Passage 3

    Questions 11 to 15 are based on the following passage:

    Breastfeeding (母乳喂养) for a month or longer appears to reduce a woman's risk of getting diabetes (糖病) later in life, according to a new study. The breastfeeding and diabetes link has been reported in other studies, according to researcher Eleanor Schwarz. Yet, her study makes the link easier to believe. Her study is published in a journal of medicine in America. Schwarz and her colleagues looked at data about

    breastfeeding practices. They evaluated data on 2,233 women f~om Califomia. Of those, 405 were not mothers, 1,125 were mothers who breastfed for at least a month, and 703 were mothers who had never breastfed. They were 40 to 78 years old.

    According to Schwarz's study, the risk of getting a diagnosis (诊断) of Type 2 diabetes for women who breastfed all their children for a month or longer was similar to that of women who had not given birth. But mothers who had never breastfed were nearly twice as likely to develop diabetes as women who had never given birth. Mothers who never breastfed were about 1.4 times as likely to develop diabetes as women who breastfed for one to three months, Schwarz found.

    While one month of breastfeeding appears to make a difference, Schwarz says, even longer is better. (80) “Previous studies have shown the longer the mom breastfeeds, the more benefit for her body.” Many experts recommend breastfeeding for six months and continuing for a year, she says.

    The diabetes-breastfeeding link is probably explained by belly fat. Mothers, who don't breastfeed, as they get older, may have more belly fat, as breastfeeding helps new mothers take off weight. “Belly fat increases the risk of diabetes as you get older,” she says.

    The finding isn't surprising at all, says Kimberly Gregory. She often gives advice to women who get diabetes (occurring during pregnancy (怀孕)) that they are at risk for later getting Type 2 diabetes and suggests they breastfeed. The new findings will probably inspire Gregory to add to the-advice she gives moms-to-be about the benefits of breastfeeding. She often focuses on the benefits to the baby.

    11. According to the first paragraph, which of the following statements is TRUE?

    A. About two thousand and two hundred old women took part in the study.

    B. Eleanor Schwarz's research program was about men and women who suffered from diabetes.

    C. Over one fifths of the women never got married.

    D. Eleanor Schwarz's results seem more reliable.

    12. According to Schwarz's findings, who are more likely to get diabetes later in life?

    A. Those mothers who had never breastfed.

    B. Those mothers who never gave birth.

    C. Those mothers who breastfed for a month.

    D. Those mothers who breastfed for six months.

    13. Which of the following statements would Schwarz agree with?

    A. Breastfeeding is not advisable because it is not good for a mom to keep a good shape.

    B. Breastfeeding can greatly reduce a mother's chances of getting all kinds of serious disease.

    C. Breastfeeding for a month is highly recommended: the longer, the better.

    D. Breastfeeding for a month or longer makes babies smarter.

    14. What does the author mean by “moms-to-be” in the last paragraph?

    A. Women who are pregnant, especially for the first time.

    B. Women who dream of having babiesfor the first time.

    C. Women who already have children.

    D. Women who have just got babies for the first time.

    15. Which of the following is an appropriate title for this passage?

    A. Breasffeeding May Enhance Babies' Chances of Survival

    B. Breasffeeding May Lower Moms' Diabetes Risk

    C. Breasffeeding May Become Very Fashioaable in Near Future

    D. Breasffeeding May Help Women Lose Weight

    Part Ⅱ Vocabulary and Structure (30%)

    Directions: In this part there are 30 incomplete sentences. For each sentence there are four choices marked A, B, C and D. Choose the ONE answer that best completes the sentence. Then blacken the Corresponding letter on the Answer Sheet.

    16. You should carefully think over_____ the manager said at the meeting.

    A. that B. whichC. what D. whose

    17. Last week I wrote to the hotel to book a room, but they _____ yet.

    A. didn't answer B. wasn't answering

    C. hadn't answeredD. haven't answered

    18. Diana felt very much upset at _____ to the party as she had longed to go for a long time.

    A. having not been invitedB. not having been invited

    C. not to be invitedD. to be not invited

    19. On no account _____ held responsible for the car accident, so he should not be put into prison.

    A. the driver can beB. can the driver be

    C. the driver beD. be the driver

    20. All the kids are crying now. What_____makes them so unhappy?

    A. it is B. is it C. it is that D. is it that

    21. Unfortunately, the package I was expecting was _____ to the wrong address.

    A. writtenB. given C. packed D. delivered

    22. _____by a large audience, he felt very nervous and didn't know what to say.

    A. WatchingB. WatchC. Watched D. Having watched

    23. I'm very grateful for your help and hope to do something for you_____in the future.

    A. in exchangeB. insteadC. in returnD. in particular

    24. I can ____you that the animals are well cared for in our zoo, so you needn't worry about them.

    篇二:2016年甘肃成人学位英语

    1. 2016年甘肃成人学位英语考试试题答案+920085687=真品 Jenny: Shall I go and tell Mr. Fairbanks about our proposal? Jackie: ___________.

    A. Yes, you go B. Yes, go C. Yes, let?s D. Yes, please

    2. Mori: It?s a pleasure to meet you here.

    Kaco: __________.

    A. Pleased to meet you, too B. Thank you so much

    C. I didn?t expect to see you here D. You?re too hospitable

    3. Williams: Excuse me. I?m looking for a present for my son. I have no idea what to get him, Can you help me?

    Sales girl: ____________.

    A. Of course I can

    B. No, I can?t actually

    C. You must buy him a T-shirt

    D. Yes, I think a T-shirt would be a good idea

    4. Tim: I hear you?ve been to the book fair. How was it?

    Susan: _____________.

    A. Absolutely marvelous B. Very much indeed

    C. Not necessarily D. Quite disappointed

    5. Ed: How do you get along with your new music teacher? Maggie: Ms. Davis? __________, but I like her a lot.

    A. She?s humorous B. She?s nice to me

    C. She?s a bit strange D. She?s good at dancing

    6. David: Charles, could you drive me to the railway station? Charles: ____________

    A. No, thanks. B. I?ll be there on time.

    C. Sure, why not? D. Never mind.

    7. Max: My son has been admitted by Beijing University.

    Walt: Congratulations! He is such a smart boy.

    Max: ___________. A. Yes, he is B. You are right

    C. Thank you very much D. Don?t mention it

    8. Student: Do you mind our performing rock ?n? roll in the hall? Teacher: _________.

    A. No, you?d better not B. Of course, it?s allowed here

    C. Oh, I?d rather you didn?t actually D. I?d prefer to listen to rock ?a? roll

    9. Clerk: Excuse me, this a non-smoking place. Customer: __________

    A. Oh, I?m sorry. B. How can you say that?

    C. That?s all right. D. That?s impossible.

    10. Waiter: How would you like your coffee?

    Customer: ____________.

    A. It?s well done B. Very nice, thanks

    C. With sugar, please D. Only one cup

    11. Virginia: What about going to do some shopping this afternoon?

    Rena: ____________.

    A. Go ahead, please. B. Good idea!

    C. Me, too. D. Help yourself.

    12. Carlos: Thank you very much, Miss James. That helped me a lot.

    Miss James: ___________, Carlos.

    A. Don?t thank me B. Don?t mention it

    C. I?m fine D. I?m sorry

    13. Susan: I?m worried. My son doesn?t like to talk with me.

    Tracy: ___________. We were all like that at his age.

    A. Take it easy B. Change his mind

    C. Don?t quarrel with him D. Don?t refuse him

    14. Nicolas: I?d like to donate money to help poor children at school. To whom shall I give my share? Li Ming: ____________ I?ll ask about that and let you know.

    A. Very well. B. Who knows?

    C. Thank you all the same. D. It all depends.

    15. Kelvin: We?re almost finished with the project now. _____________.

    Teresa: Actually, I prefer to keep going.

    A. Let?s hurry up B. We?ve too tired now

    C. Well be on time D. Let?s stop for a break

    Part II Reading Comprehension (40 points)

    Directions: There are 4 passages in this part. Each of the passages is followed by 5 questions or unfinished statements. For each of them there are 4 choices marked A, B, C and D. Choose the best one and mark your answer on the ANSWER SHEET with a single line through the center.

    Passage One

    Jack Billabong is a stockman. One Friday afternoon he was riding along the track towards the Henderson farm. He was looking for a prize bull which had escaped from the Borrogee paddock. He reached the hills and saw at once that he could not go further.

    There had been a fire in the forest which had gone out. But the air was still full of smoke and fallen trees had blocked the track. Jack was just going to turn back when he saw something moving in the smoke. He waited. It was a girl on a horse, and she was riding towards him. “There?s a badly burnt man on the farm,” the girl shouted. “He saved my life. Please help me to save him.”

    The girl was Cathy Henderson. She had been on horseback for two hours. She had to jump over fallen trees that were still burning. Her pony had fallen with her twice. She was thirsty and almost dead from want of sleep. But she rode back to the farm with Jack immediately.

    Joe Brook was unconscious when they reached him. They lifted him onto Jack?s horse. The ride back to

    Borrogee was terrible. Cathy was so tired that Jack had to tie her to her pony. The pony was tired too, but its courage was astonishing. It followed Jack right to Borrogee Hospital. Nobody saw them arrive because it was night.

    “I?ve never seen a horse like that pony,” Jack said. Cathy praised Jack Billabong, but she refused to say anything about the pony, “Joe will write about her in his story,” she said.

    But she did say one thing: “If flame hadn?t returned to the farm that afternoon, Joe and I would have died.”

    16. Jack Billabong did not turn back because _____________.

    A. he hadn?t found the bull yet B. he smelt a heavy smoke in the forest

    C. he knew there was a burnt man there D. he saw something moving towards him

    17. Why was the ride back to Borrogee terrible?

    A. Because Joe was tired out.

    B. Because the ride started late at night.

    C. Because they didn?t have enough courage.

    D. Because both Cathy and her pony were exhausted.

    18. Cathy refused to talk to reporters about the pony when she was in Borrogee Hospital because

    ____________.

    A. she didn?t know what to say B. Jack asked her not to talk to them

    C. she was too weak to say anything D. Joe would write about it in his writing

    19. What does the word “flame” in the last paragraph refer to?

    A. Jack. B. The pony. C. Jack?s horse. D. The fire.

    20. Which of the following is the best title of the story?

    A. Rescue of Joe Brook. B. Courage of Jack Billabong.

    C. Love of a Young Girl. D. HeroisThe faces of elderly, happily-married people sometimes resemble each other. Dr. Aiken studied a number of couples who had been married for at least twenty-five years. Each couple provided four photographs—one photo of each partner at the time of their marriage and another photo of each partner twenty-five or more years later. All background was cut from the photos to remove any

    clues. The photos were then displayed in groups: a random grouping of the persons at the time of their marriage and another random grouping of the same persons who took photographs later. Some testees were asked to pick out the partners. They failed totally with the first group. Their judgements were no better than chance. But with the photos taken twenty-five or more years after the marriage, the testees were quite successful with the most happily-married couples. Dr. Aiken believes there are several reasons why couples grow alike. One reason has something to do with imitation. One person tends to copy or do the same as someone else without knowing it. He says human begins to imitate the expressions of the faces of their loved ones. “Another possible reason,” he says, “is the common experience of the couples.” There is a tendency for people who have the same life experience to change their faces in similar ways. For example, if a couple have suffered from a lot of sad experiences, their faces are likely to change in a similar way. 21. Dr. Aiken cut the background from the photos for the purpose of __________. A. imitating the couples? life B. grouping the couples again C. leaving no trace for the testees D. giving the testees more chances 22. The underlined sentence “Their judgements were no better than chance” implies that the testees __________. A. did a good job in making their choices. B. had difficulty in picking out the partners C. had no chance to make the right judgements D. did better with the first group than with the second 23. The underlined word “imitate” (in Para. 2) has a similar meaning to __________. A. copy B. change C. know D. suffer 24. From the passage we can draw the conclusion that ___________. A. couples who look alike can live longer

    B. most partners have been proved to grow alike C. the influence between partners can be quite strong D. happily-married couples are often richer than others 25. The main purpose of the passage is to ___________. A. explain why couples grow alike B. tell how couples like each other C. discuss the function of marriage D. describe the life of happily married couples Passage Three The three biggest lies in America are: (1) “The check is in the mail”, (2) “Of course I?ll respect you in the morning”, and (3) “It was a computer error.” Of these three little white lies, the worst is the third. It?s the only one that can never be true. Today, if a bank statement cheats you out of $ 900 that way, you know what the clerk is sure to say,” It was a computer error.” Nonsense. The computer is reporting nothing more than what the clerk typed into it. The most annoying case of all is when the computerized cashier in the grocery store shows that an item costs more than it actually does. If the innocent buyer points out the mistake, the checker, bagger, and manager all come together and offer the familiar explanation: “It was a compute error.” It wasn?t, of course that computerized cashier is really nothing more than an electric event. The eye reads the Universal Product Code—chat bar of black and white lines in a corner of the package—and then checks the code against a price list stored in memory. If the price list is right, you?ll be charged accurately. Grocery stores update the price list each day—that is, somebody sits at a keyboard and types in the prices. If the price they type in is too high, there are only two

    explanations: carelessness or dishonesty. But somehow “a computer error” is supposed to excuse everything. One reason we let people hide behind a computer is the common misperception that huge, modern computers are electric brain with “artificial intelligence.” At some point there might be a machine with intelligence but none exists today. The smartest computer on Earth right now is no more intelligent than your average pen. At this point in the development of computers, the only thing any machine can do is what a human has instructed it to do. 26. Of the three lies, the one about computer is the worst because the computer itself __________. A. says nonsense B. cheats customers C. cannot make the error D. does not admit its error 27. According to the author, a computerized cashier is really just ___________.

    A. a machine to count money B. a machine to receive money C. an instrument to print codes D. an instrument to read codes 28. Grocery store price lists are updated by ____________. A. a computer B. a keyboard C. an employee D. an electric brain 29. The last paragraph of the passage implies that computers ____________. A. are very clever B. never make mistakes C. have a good memory D. are controlled by men 30. Which of the following describes the main idea of the passage? A. Computers are stupid and inefficient. B. Computer errors are due to its dishonesty. C. Computers help stores update the price list. D. Computer errors are actually human errors. Passage Four

    I came across an old country guidebook the other day. It listed all the tradesmen in each village, and it was impressive to see the past variety of services which were available on one?s own doorstep in the late Victorian countryside. Nowadays a traveler in rural England might conclude that the only village tradesmen still flourishing were either selling frozen food to the villagers or selling antiques to visitors. Nevertheless, this would really be a false impression. On the surface, there has been a decline of village commerce, but its power is still remarkable. Our local grocer?s shop, for example, is actually expanding in spite of the competition from supermarkets in the nearest town. Women sensibly prefer to go there and exchange the local news while doing their shopping, instead of queuing up at a supermarket. And the grocer knows well that personal service has a considerable cash value. His prices may be a bit higher than those in the town, but he will deliver anything at any time. His assistants think nothing of bicycling down the village street in their lunch hour to take a piece of cheese to an old retired woman who sent her order by word of mouth with a friend who happened to be passing. The richer customers telephone their shopping lists and the goods are on their doorsteps within an hour. They have only to hint at a fancy for some commodity outside the usual stock and the grocer, a red faced-figure, instantly obtains it for them. m of a Lovely Pony. 31. Nowadays the commercial services in the village are ____________. A. still very active B. quickly declining C. unable to flourish D. personal to visitors 32. The local grocer?s shop is expanding because _____________.

    A. the competition there is weak B. it is a place for women to chat C. it provides good personal service D. the goods there are more valuable 33. Which of the following is true about the supermarkets? A. Prices there are much higher B. Customers often have to queue up. C. Customers can order by telephone. D. Their personal services are satisfactory. 34. How do the village grocer?s assistants feel about giving extra service? A. They don?t think it a trouble. B. They don?t think it worthwhile. C. They don?t consider it a good deal. D. They don?t consider it a pleasant experience. 35. One special feature of the village shop is that ___________. A. there is a very wide range of goods available B. customers can order goods by word of mouth C. customer have to order goods one hour earlier D. there is a list of goods to be delivered to doorsteps Part III Vocabulary and Structure (20 points) Directions: There are 40 incomplete sentences in this part. For each sentence there are 4 choices marked A, B, C and D. Choose the one that best completes the sentence, mark your answer on the ANSWER SHEET with a single line through the center. 36. During the heavy storm last week, we had to take __________ under a flyover. A. shade B. shelter C. shadow D. shield 37. The three men were assigned jobs according to their _________ abilities. A. respectful B. respectable C. respective D. respecting 38. Scientists have discovered that many animals seem to be highly _________ to various signals associated with earthquakes. A. sensible B. sensual C. sentimental D. sensitive 39. The lost car of the Johnsons? was found __________ in the woods of the expressway. A. vanished B. scattered C. rejected D. abandoned 40. Our guests will be guided to safety _________ fire. A. as a result of B. in case of C. in the sense of D. for the sake of 41. If you want to ring her, you?ll have to _________ her number in the telephone book. A. look at B. look to C. look through D. look up

    篇三:山东省成人高等教育学士学位英语考试大纲

    山东省成人高等教育学士学位英语考试大纲(试行)

    一、总则

    为了客观地评价我省成人高等教育(非英语专业)学员的英语水平,有效地调动学生学习英语的积极性,提高学生的英语水平,从而保证成人教育本科毕业生学士学位的授予质量,根据教育部大学英语课程教学要求(试行)》的要求、结合我省英语教学的现状和成人高等教育的特点以及社会对学生英语能力的实际要求,制定本考试大纲。

    本考试的难度界定在大学英语三级的水平,是一种标准化考试。为保证试卷的信度,除短文写作部分是主观性试题外,其余试题全部客观性的多项选择题形式。短文写作部分的目的是考核考生运用语言的能力,从而提高试卷的效度。

    二、评价目标

    本考试采用水平测试的方法,指在考察学生的基本的英语综合应用能力,包括一定的听说能力,使他们在今后工作和社会交往中能用英语比较有效地进行口头和书面的信息交流,同时增强其自主学习能力、提高综合文化素养,以适应我国经济发展和国际交流的需要,并为进一步提高英语水平打下较好的基础。具体要求如下:

    (一)词汇

    应掌握3500个左右的英语单词,正确熟练使用由这些单词构成的常用搭配,并具备用构词法知识识别生词的能力。

    (二)语法知识

    掌握主谓一致关系,表语从句、宾语从句、定语从句和状语从句等句型,直接引语和间接引语的用法,动词不定式和分词的用法,各种时态、主动语态、被动语态等基本的语法知识,并注重在语篇层面上运用语法知识的能力。

    (三)阅读能力

    考生应该能够综合运用英语语言知识和阅读技能理解书面英语,能以每分钟60词的速度阅读各种题材(包括社会生活、人物传记、科普、史地、政治、经济等)和体裁(包括议论文、记叙文、说明文、应用文等)的文字材料。阅读材料的生词量不超过3%,对于超出全日制教学大纲词汇表一至三级词汇表范围的词,用汉语注明词义。应试人员能够:

    1.掌握所读材料的主旨和大意;

    2.了解用以阐述主旨的事实和有关细节;

    3.根据上下文判断某些生词或短语的意义;

    4.理解单词的意义和上下句之间的逻辑关系;

    5.根据所读的材料进行一定的判断、推理;

    6.领会作者的观点和态度。

    (四)写作能力

    能在30分钟内写出长度为100个单词的短文,内容切题,语句连贯,条理清楚,语法正确,语言通顺恰当。

    三、考试内容

    本考试包括五个部分:阅读理解、词语用法与语法结构、完型填空、汉译英、短文写作。全部题目按顺序统一编号。

    第一部分:阅读理解(Part I Reading Comprehension):共20题,考试时间35分钟。

    本部分要求考生阅读4篇英文短文,总阅读量不超过1000词。每篇短文后有5个问题。考生应根据文章内容从每题四个选择项中选出一个最佳答案。 本部分选材的原则是:

    1.题材广泛,包括人物传记、社会、文化、日常知识等,其中所涉及的背景知识均在考生能理解的范围之内;

    2.体裁多样,包括叙述文、说明文、议论文等;

    3.文章的语言难度适中,超出考生应掌握的词汇范围的词,用汉语注明词义。

    本部分主要测试以下能力:

    1.掌握所读材料的主指和大意;

    2.了解说明主指和大意的事实和细节;

    3.既能理解字面意思,也能根据所读材料进行一定的判断和推理;

    4.既能理解个别句子的意思,也能理解上下文的逻辑关系。

    本部分的目的是测试考生通过阅读获取信息的能力,既要求准确,也要求有一定的速度。

    第二部分:词语用法和语法结构(Part II Vocabulary & Structure):共40题,考试时间30分钟。

    题目中60%为词和短评的用法,40%为语法结构。要求考生从每题四个选择项中选出一个最佳答案。

    本部分的目的是测试考生运用词汇、短语及语法结构的能力。

    第三部分:完型填空(Part III Close):共10题,考试时间10分钟。

    在一篇题材熟悉、难度适中的短文(约200词)中留有10个空白,每个空白为一题,每题有四个选择项,要求考生在全面理解内容的基础上选择一个最佳答案,使短文的意思和结构恢复完整。填空的词项包括结构词和实义词。

    本部分的目的是测试考生综合运用语言的能力。

    第四部分:汉译英(Part IV Translation):共5题,考试时间是15分钟。

    给出5个汉语句子,要求考生翻译成英语,所译英语表达清楚,句子结构和用词正确。

    本部分指在考察考生掌握汉英翻译的方法技巧、语言翻译能力以及汉英翻译所必备的语言文化知识。

    第五部分:写作(Part V Writing):共1题,考试时间为30分钟。

    要求考生根据题目规定写出一篇100词左右的短文。试卷上可能给出题目,或规定情景,或给出段首句,或给出提纲。要求能够正确表达思想,意义连贯,无重大语法错误。写作的内容包括日常生活和一般常识。

    本部分的目的是测试考生运用英语书面表达思想的初步能力。

    四、答题及计分方法

    客观性试题用机器阅卷,要求考生从每题四个选择项中选出一个最佳答案,并在答题纸上(Answe

    成人教育学位英语教案

    r Sheet)上该题的相应字母中间用铅笔划一条横线。试卷(Test Paper)不能做任何记号。每题只能选择一个答案,多选作答错处理。主观性试题(短文写作),写在作文纸上,按科学的评分标准评分。试卷各部分计分采用加权的方法,折算成百分制,以60分为及格标准。

    Sample Test

    Part IReading Comprehension (35 minutes,40 points)

    Directions: There are four reading passages in this part. Each passage is followed by some questions or unfinished statements. For each of them there are four choices marked A),B),C) and

    D). After you read a passage you should decide on the best choice and then mark the corresponding letter on the Answer Sheet with a single line through the center.

    Passage One

    Questions 1 to 5 are based on the following passage.

    A fire drill is, to put it mildly, an inconvenient exercise at the best of times. A fire drill at 2:00 in the morning in terrible weather conditions, like the one we had on Thursday night and Friday morning last, is incomparably more inconvenient. This is why writing this note to thank you all most sincerely for your excellent co-operation and the spirit with which you endured the inconvenience.

    A fire drill is not an idle exercise. It is an extremely serious one and can, in fact, save lives in the long run. Last week’ fire drill has already revealed a number of important things regarding fire precautions in the Hall. For instance, there seem to exit a number of “deaf spots” in the Hall, namely, the two rooms in Purser House and some rooms in the Bottom corridor. I have no reason to doubt that residents from these areas could not hear the alarm. I shall request an immediate examination of this problem.

    I should, also, remind you that it is a requirement that fire drills should be regularly carried out (at least two in every one year)and each resident should be made fully aware of this and obliged to take part. All residents must take fire precautions with the seriousness they deserve. Failure to do so can result bin fines and expulsion(驱逐)from the Hall. Thank you again for your co-operation.

    1. The last fire drill caused much more inconvenience because_________.

    A) it was in bad weather B) there were “deaf spots”

    C) a big fire startedD) it was at the weekend

    2. The phrase “in the long run”(L.2,Part.2)means_________.

    A)effectivelyB) endlesslyC) eventually D) efficiently

    3. Some people did not make their appearance at the last drill because_______.

    A) they were deaf B)they could not hear the alarm

    C) nobody waked them upD) they refused to leave their rooms

    4. Afire drill is extremely important according to the writer for_________.

    A) it is a good physical exercise B) it cultivates people’s endurance

    C) it is a legal requirementD) it can save lives in case of a fire

    5. Which of the following was NOT stated by the author?

    A) A fire drill is very important and useful.

    B) The last fire drill received inactive co-operation from the residents.

    C) Those who do not take fire precautions will be fined and driven out.

    D) It has been made a rule that fire drills will be performed regularly.

    Passage Two

    Questions 6 to 10 are based on the following passage

    Accidents are caused; they don’t just happen. The reason may be easy to see: a shelf out of reach, a patch of ice on the misfortune—frustration, tiredness or just bad temper—that show what the accident really is, a sort of attack on oneself.

    Road accidents, for example, happen frequently after a family quarrel, and we all know people who are accident-prone, so often at odds with themselves and the world that they seem to cause accidents for themselves and others.

    By definition, an accident is something you can not predict or avoid, and the idea which used to be current, that the majority of road accidents are caused by a minority of criminally careless drivers, is not supported by insurance statistics. These show that most accidents involve ordinary motorists in a moments of carelessness or thoughtlessness.

    It is not always clear, either, what sort of conditions make people more likely to have an accident. For instance, the law requires all factories to take safety precautions and most companies have safety committees to make sure the regulations are observed, but still, every day in Britain, some fifty thousand men and women are injured from work due to accidents. These accidents are largely the result of human error or misjudgment—noise and fatigue, boredom or worry are possible factors which contribute to this. Doctors who work in factories have found that those who drink too much, usually people who have a high anxiety level, run three times the normal risk of accidents at work.

    6. The passage suggests that________.

    A)Accidents are usually caused by psychological factors.

    B)Accidents mostly result from slippery roads.

    C)Drinkers run three times the normal risk of accidents in factories.

    D)About 50 000people lose their lives at work in Britain every day.

    7. Which of the following is NOT mentioned as a factor of accidents?

    A) Mood. B) Tiredness. C) Carelessness D) Weather

    8. The word “accidents-prone”(L.2 Para.2)means________.

    A) likely to have accidents B) injured in accidents

    C) possible to die in accidents D) responsible for road accidents

    9. What can we infer about the author’ opinion of accidents?

    A) Safety precautions are of little use in accidents.

    B) Many accidents can and should be avoided.

    C) Factory accidents , unlike road accidents, are inevitable.

    D) Most road accidents are caused by just a few careless drivers.

    10. The best title for the passage would be __________.

    A) Accidents and Anxiety

    B) How to Deal with Accidents on Road and in Factories

    C) Human Factors in Accidents

    D) How to Prevent Accidents on Road and in Factories

    Passage Three

    Questions 11 to 15 are based on the following passage.

    Is language, like food, a basic human need? Judging from the result of the violent experiment by a German King, Frederick II, in the 13th century, it may be. Hoping to discover what language a child would speak if he heard no mother tongue, he told the nurses to keep silent.

    All the infants died before the first year. But clearly there was more than language deprivation here. What was missing was good mothering. Without good mothering, in the first year of life especially, the capacity to survive is seriously affected.

    Today no much violent deprivation exists as that by Frederick II. Nevertheless, some children are still backward in speaking. Most often the reason for this is that the mother is insensitive to the signals of the infant, whose brain is programmed to map up language rapidly. There are critical times, it seems, when children learn more readily. If these sensitive periods are neglected, the ideal time for acquiring language skills passes and they might never be learned so easily again.

    Linguists(语言学家)suggest that speech stages are reached in a fixed sequence and at a constant age, but there are cases where speech has started late in a child who eventually turns out to be of high IQ.

    Recent evidence suggests that an infant is born with the capacity to speak. What is special about Man’s brain compared with that of the monkey, is the complex system which enables a child to connect the sight and feel of , say, a teddy-bear(玩具熊)with the sound pattern “teddy-bear”. But speech has to be stimulated, and this depends on interaction between the mother and the child, where the mother recognizes the signals in the child’s babbling(牙牙学语), grasping, crying, smiling, and responds to them. Insensitivity of the mother to these signals dulls the interaction because the child gets discouraged and sends out only the obvious signals. Sensitivity to the child’s non-verbal signals is essential to the growth and development language.

    11. Frederick II’s experiment was violent because_________.

    A) he wanted to prove children are born with ability to speak

    B) he ignored the importance of mothering to the infant

    C) he was unkind to the nurse

    D) he wanted his nurses to say no mother tongue

    12. The reason some children are backward in speaking today that_________.

    A) their mothers do not respond to their attempts to speak


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