首页 工作总结工作报告工作计划演讲稿自我鉴定思想汇报心得体会述职报告实习报告 公文书信 职场知识 范文大全 资源下载
  • 幼儿园教案

  • 托班教案

  • 幼儿园小班教案

  • 幼儿园中班教案

  • 幼儿园大班教案

  • 小学教案

  • 一年级教案

  • 二年级教案

  • 三年级教案

  • 四年级教案

  • 五年级教案

  • 六年级教案

  • 初中教案

  • 初一教案

  • 初二教案

  • 初三教案

  • 高中教案

  • 高一教案

  • 高二教案

  • 高三教案

  • 语文教案

  • 数学教案

  • 英语教案

  • 物理教案

  • 生物教案

  • 地理教案

  • 音乐教案

  • 化学教案

  • 美术教案

  • 教案资料

  • 教案大全

  • VOA慢速英语:西方将与伊斯兰国组织长期作战

    时间:2017-07-26来源:海达范文网

    相关热词搜索:

    West Faces Long War with Islamic State Group

    “If they are in Raqqa, they’re gonna die in Raqqa.”

    Those are the words of Brett McGurk, the United States’ top representative to the coalition fighting the Islamic State (IS) group.

    Last month, McGurk spoke about IS forces in the northern Syrian city of Raqqa. He declared their foreign fighters would be targeted.

    More than 2,000 IS militants are believed to be fighting in the city, which is the group’s self-declared capital. Many of them are thought to be from North Africa, the Middle East and Central Asia. But even after the militants are defeated in Raqqa in the coming weeks, IS will still have an estimated 13,000 fighters in Syria and Iraq. American officials and independent security experts warn they are a threat to the area.

    Bruce Hoffman and other observers expect the Islamic State to return to its earlier form as a terrorist and rebel group. Most IS leaders have not stayed in Raqqa to fight. They did not stay to fight in Mosul either. They fled both cities to smaller towns along the Iraqi border with Syria in the Euphrates River Valley and Anbar province in Iraq.

    Experts say IS hopes to act like other Islamist organizations, which were able to survive after being defeated by U.S. military forces in Iraq in 2007 and 2008.

    Observers say the group still controls territory both in west and east Iraq. They believe IS will attack government forces from villages and hiding places, as it began to do in April.

    Whether it can be successful depends on the effectiveness of anti-IS security forces on both sides of the border and the support of people in the area.

    Many Sunni Muslims are unhappy with heavy-handed security operations against militants, revenge killings and religious-based governance. Observers say such actions risk feeding into the Sunni disaffection that fueled the rise of IS in the first place.

    Experts worry that neither Iraqi nor U.S. officials have developed clear plans to bring security to areas taken from the Islamic State of Iraq and Syria (ISIS).

    “We should be concerned about the lack of stabilization plans for territory from which ISIS is expelled,” says Daveed Gartenstein-Ross of the Foundation for the Defense of Democracies. “We are in grave danger of once again winning the war but losing the peace,” he adds.

    U.S. officials would appear to be taking more of a hands-off policy in Raqqa once the U.S.-aided Syrian Democratic Forces have gained control of the city.

    VOA received an email from a spokesman for the U.S. Central Command, or CENTCOM. The email read “When ISIS has been defeated in Raqqa, authority will rest with the Raqqa Civilian Council and security will be maintained by the Raqqa Internal Security Force.”

    When asked whether U.S. officials have discussed the treatment of suspended militants, CENTCOM said that local officials are responsible for the detainees. But it added, “The Coalition supports the laws of armed conflict and works hard in training to ensure partner forces are aware of and understand the requirement for a professional fighting force to abide with these laws.”

    Violations are already being reported. Locals say some people believe that they must be IS members or supporters since they remained in the city under militant rule.

    In Iraq, rights groups have already documented revenge killings by Iranian-influenced Shi’ite militias. And a video of Iraqis questioning suspected militants in Mosul adds to the concern of rights groups. They accuse the Iraqis of using brutal interrogation methods against the suspects.

    Like al-Qaida, IS has established militant groups in other parts of the Middle East and North Africa, notably in Libya and Egypt. Last year, IS leader Abu Bakr al-Baghdadi told followers that his group would defeat efforts to oust it from its major population centers in Syria and Iraq. But he appeared to be preparing for their eventual loss by urging foreigners to fight for IS affiliates.

    One of the big questions is whether militants will continue showing interest in Islamic State after its talk of nation-building has been crushed.

    Now, al-Qaida will likely seek to show that it is the world’s top jihadist group. Some experts say al-Qaida has already been preparing the 28-year-old son of former leader Osama bin Laden as its new leader. Hamza Bin Laden has appeared in four recent propaganda videos for the group.

    I’m Jonathan Evans.

    Jamie Dettmer wrote this story for TingVOA.com. Christopher Jones-Cruise adapted the report for Learning English. George Grow was the editor.

    We want to hear from you. Write to us in the Comments Section, or visit our Facebook page.

    _____________________________________________________________

    Words in This Story

    gonna – expression used in writing to represent the sound of the phrase going to when it is spoken quickly

    revenge – n. the act of doing something to hurt someone because that person did something that hurt you

    stabilize – v. to become stable or to make (something) stable, such as to stop quickly changing, increasing, getting worse, etc.

    grave – adj. very serious; requiring or causing serious thought or concern

    authority – n. the power to give orders or make decisions; the power or right to direct or control someone or something

    maintain – v. to cause (something) to exist or continue without changing; to provide support for (someone or something)

    abide – v. to accept or bear

    brutal – adj. extremely cruel or harsh