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  • 初三英语时态复习教案

    时间:2016-08-10来源:海达范文网

    相关热词搜索:时态 英语 教案 复习 初三英语总共几个时态 初三英语时态复习课件 6种英语时态复习课

    篇一:初中英语时态时态复习教案

    The Teaching Plan for Review of Tenses

    --By Liu Wei from Shungang Middle School(April 14th,2008)

    Teaching Aims and Demands:

    1.To revise the eight types of tenses that we've learned.

    2. Moral object: Practice makes perfect.

    Teaching Key Points and Difficulties:

    1. The usages and forms of the tenses.

    2.Compare different tenses

    Teaching Aids:

    Multimedia and some cards.

    Teaching Procedures.

    Step1.Greet the class.

    Hello,everybody! Today, I'm very happy! Because there are many good English teachers from different schools here and you, the excellent students from No.4 Middle School of Lujiang. Glad to see you!

    Step2.Lead-in.

    In this class, we'll review the eight types of tenses. First, let's listen to an English song, The Day You Went Away. Play the song by CAI and show the lyric of the song for the students. Have them listen and look at the lyric, then find out that how many kinds of tenses are used in this song and what they are. Then check the answers with the students.

    Step3.Revise the usages of the tenses.

    Put up a big card that has a time and tense axis on the blackboard. The axis shows the eight types of tenses in the different parts of time(past, now and future). When show the axis, have the students look at the screen. The usages and example sentences are on it.

    The time and tense axis

    The usages and example sentences:

    1、一般现在时

    1).经常性或习惯性的动作,常与表示频率的时间状语连用。

    例:I leave home for school at 7 every morning.

    2).客观真理、客观存在、科学事实。

    例:The earth moves around the sun.

    Shanghai lies in the east of China.

    此用法出现在宾语从句中,主句是过去时,从句谓语也要用一般现在时。 例:Columbus proved that the earth is round.

    The teacher told us the earth moves around the sun.

    3).在时间、条件状语从句中表示将来的动作。

    例:If it rains tomorrow, I'll stay at home.

    4). 用于某些表达法中表示现在正在发生的动作或存在的状态。

    例:Here comes the bus.

    There goes the bell!

    2、现在进行时

    1).表示说话时正在进行的动作.常和now,Look!Listen!或其他铺垫句连用。 例:I am reading a book now.

    Look!They are having a basketball match.

    It's 7:00 pm.The Greens are watching TV.

    2).表示现阶段正在进行着的动作但说话时不一定正在进行。

    例:Mr.Green is writing another novel. (说话时并未在写,只处于写作的状态。)

    3).表示在近期按计划或安排要进行的动作。即用现在进行体表示将来要发生的动作。但一般要与将来时间连用,而且仅限于少量动词。例如: come,go,start,arrive,leave,stay等。

    例:Mr.Smith is leaving for London tomorrow.

    3、过去进行时

    1).表示过去某个时刻或某一阶段正在进行的动作。

    例:What were you doing at three o’clock yesterday afternoon?

    2).用于when,while 引导的时间状语从句中。用过去进行时表示较长的动作。过去进行时可用于主句,也可用于从句。

    例:I was doing my homework when someone knocked at the door.

    While he was waiting at the bus stop,the traffic accident happened.(While 后的分句必须用进行时)

    While I was reading,my sister was sleeping.(表示对比,都用进行时)

    3).用于表示过去将来的动作。常用在间接引语中。

    例:I asked him whether he was

    coming back for dinner.

    4、一般将来时

    一般将来时表示将来某个时间要发生的动作或存在的状态。常与表示将来的时间状语连用。如:tomorrow,tomorrow morning,next week(year,term?),in (two days?),soon,the day after tomorrow等。

    例:I will go to Beijing tomorrow.

    5、过去将来时

    过去将来时表示从过去的某一时间来看将要发生的动作或存在的状态。它常用于宾语从句中。

    例:He told me he would go to Beijing.

    He said the train was leaving at six the next morning

    She said she was going to start at once.

    6、一般过去时

    一般过去时表示在确定的过去时间里所发生的动作或存在的状态。

    时间状语有:yesterday,last week,an hour ago,the other day,in 1982等。 例:He went to school an hour ago.

    When I was a child,I often played football in the street.

    请你注意:一般过去时表明的是过去发生的事,和现在不发生关系。一般过去时的时间状语应该是表示过去某个时间的词或词组,如:yesterday,last month,in 1999,two days ago等,绝对不可与recently,in the past 10 years,this month等连用,因为这样的时间状语都与现在有关系,应该用现在完成时或一般现在时。

    7、现在完成时

    1).表示过去发生或已经完成的某一动作对现在造成的影响或结果。常用的时间状语:already,never,just,before,recently,for+时间段,since+时间点 例:I have lost my key.(说明过去某时丢的,现在还未找到。)

    2).表示过去已经开始,持续到现在的动作或状态。

    例:I have known him for ten years.

    3).表示从过去到现在之间曾经经历过的事。

    例:We have been to the Summer Palace twice.

    They are not here. They have gone to the Summer Palace.

    请你注意:因为含有for加一段时间或since加一个时间点这样的时间状语的完成时,有动态和延续性的特点,所以不能使用终端动词或瞬间动词。 例:The old man has been dead for 2 years.(过去分词做表语表示状态,可以延续)

    The old man died 2 years ago.(终端动词)

    而现在完成进行时表示某一动作开始于过去某一时间,延续或重复地出现至今,或将继续延续至将来。

    例:We have been working on this project for over a month now.(到目前为止,我们一直在处理那个项目,已经花了一个多月时间了。)

    8、过去完成时

    表示过去某时开始,一直持续到另一时间和状态。即动作完成于某个过去时间之前。常用的时间状语:由by,before等词构成的表示时间的介词短语。“过去的过去”这种逻辑关系常通过上下文体现出来,而不一定受某个时间状语的限制。

    例:We had not heard from him by the end of last year.

    She said she had learned French for six years.

    Step4.Chant.

    Show the forms of each kind of tenses on the screen, play the music and chant with the whole class. Have them remember the forms.

    Chant

    Do doesam is are

    Did was were

    Am/is /are doing

    Was/were doing

    Will/shall do and be going to

    Should/would do

    Have/has done

    And had done

    Step5.Practice.

    Take the word work as an example, practice using the different forms of this word to fill in the blanks. 5.He on the farm next year. Step6.Do some exercises.

    1.They_________since the factory opened.

    A.had worked here B.have worked here

    C.are working here D.worked here

    2.---Have you read this book?

    ----Yes. I ________it two weeks ago.

    A.is readingB.have read C.will readD.read

    3.If he _________harder, he will catch up with us soon.

    A.study B.studies C.will study D.studied

    4.---May I speak to John?

    ---Sorry, he ________Japan. But he _________in two days.

    A.has been to, will come back B.has gone to, will be back

    C.has been in, would come backD.has gone to, won't come back

    5.Bad luck! We _______Mount Huang when it rained heavily.

    A.climbedB.were climbingC.are climbing D.have climbed

    6.Keep quiet, please. They ________a meeting right now.

    A.have B.hadC.are havingD.have had

    7.Lily said that she________ on the new dress the next day.

    A.put B.will put C.would putD.have put

    8.By the time I got there, the train ______ already _______.

    A.have, left B.has left C.was, leaving D.had, left. Step7.Summary.

    In this class, we've revised the eight types of tenses about their usages and forms. We've also do some practice about them. But it is not enough, you should

    do more practice. Because practice makes perfect. Study hard and try your best. I believe you will make a great success in the Entrance Examination this year. Best wishes for you!

    Step8. Homework.

    At last I'll leave some homework for you.

    1.Write an article about yourself, tell us your past, your present and your future.

    2.The 2008 Olympic Games is coming, think about what you have done, what you are doing and what you are going to do for it. Discuss it with your classmates.

    Blackboard Design:

    The time and tense axis

    Teaching Reflection:

    篇二:初中英语时态教案

    初中英语时态复习巩固

    “三个一般, 两个进行, 两个完成”

    现在进行时 现在完成时 一般过去时

    一般将来时 过去进行时过去完成时

    一、 一般现在时 (概念,句式结构, 常用时间状语; 用法) 1、概念, 句式结构, 常用时间状语。

    (1)概念:一般现在是主要表示经常性或习惯性的动作或存在的状态,也可表示现在的

    情况或状态以及永恒的真理。

    (2)句式结构:

    Be(is , am , are) +表语,如:She is a beautiful girl.

    There be (is , are )句型,如:There is a schoolbag on the desk.

    实义动词作谓语, 谓语用动词原形,但主语是第三人称单数时,谓语要用相应的单数第三人称形式

    如: They usually go to school on foot.

    She likes chocolate.

    (3)常用时间状语:always, usually, often, everyday等。

    2.一般现在时的用法

    (1) 表示经常性或习惯性的动作或存在的状态,常与表频度的时间状语连用。如:My mother often does housework. 我妈妈经常做家务。 (2) 描述现在的情况,状态等。如:

    He speaks Russian very well.他讲俄语讲得很好。 (3) 描述客观真理、客观存在或科学事实等。如:

    Light travels faster than sound.光比声音传播速度快。

    (4) 注:在含时间状语从句或条件状语从句的复合句中,若主句用一般将来时,则从句

    用一般现在时表示将来,即“主将从现”如:

    I will ring you if he comes back tomorrow.如果他明天回来,我就给你打电话。

    例: I will send you an e-mail as soon as I _________in Canada.A. arriveB arrivedC am arriving D will arrive

    (5) 在以here , there开头的句子中常用一般现在时代替进行时。如:Here comes the bus! 汽车来了!

    二、 一般过去时 (概念,句式结构以及常用的时间状语; 动词过去式的构成,一般过去时

    的用法)

    1. 概念,句式结构及常用的时间状语

    (1) 概念: 表示过去发生的动作或存在的状态。 (2) 句式结构

    was/were+表语 She was a beautiful girl ten years ago.

    was/were There were many shops near our school.

    实义动词作谓语 He got up at six o’clock yesterday morning.

    (4) 常用的时间状语: yesterday(昨天), the day before yesterday (前天), last

    week (上星期),two days ago (两天前),just now (刚才)等

    2. 动词过去式的构成方式

    一般过过去式中,谓语动词要用一般过去式, 过去式的变化分为规则(见七年级上册102页)和不规则两种(不规则动词表见八年级上册116页)3.一般过去时的用法

    (1)表示过去发生或过去经常发生的动作或存在的状态。如: He visited the Great Wall yesterday. 昨天他旅游了长城。

    He went to the hospital once a week last week. 去年他每周去医院一次。 例: I’m now in New York with my friend Jenny. We __________ by plane on Monday.A arriveB arrivedC are arriving D will arrive( 2) 用于虚拟条件句中, 表示与现在事实相反的情况。如: If I were you, I would take a small present.

    如果我是你的话,我就带上一小件小礼物。

    注: if I were you 中, were 不能改成was。

    三、 一般将来时(概念, 句式结构以及常用的时间状语, 用法) 1. 概念,句式结构以及常用的时间状语

    (1) 概念: 表示将来要发生的动作或存在的状态。 (2) 句式结构 Will/shall + 动词原形 They will have a good time. + 动词原形 We are going to take an exam.

    现在进行时表将来The bus is coming. 公共汽车要来了。

    (3) 常用的时间状语:tomorrow, the day after tomorrow , in two hours , soon ,

    in the future等 2.一般将来时的用法

    (1)be going to 和will 表示将要发生的动作或存在的状态。 We are going to have a meeting to discuss the plan.

    我们打算开会讨论这个计划。

    She will reach here at five o’clock this afternoon. 今天下午五点她将到达这里。

    例. My sister wants a new dress. She ______ it to the party. A wearsB has wonC wore D is going to wear

    (2) be going to 表示根据某种迹象判断将要发生某事, will 表示客观上将来势必

    发生的事。 如:

    Look at the dark clouds. It’s going to rain.看那乌云,天马上要下雨了。

    He will be twenty years old next year.明年他就要20岁了。

    例. There __________a basketball match between Class One and Class Three

    this afternoon.

    A is going to beB will have C are going to beD is going to have 注:There be的一般将来式是there is/are going to be 或there will be 选A

    练习

    1. My parents often ______ a walk after supper. They are both very healthy.(have)

    2. The student __________ to school three days last week. So he can’t finish his last week’s

    homework. (not go)

    3. This year alone Mr. Wu ____________ a cold twice. The students all say that he needs to do

    much exercise in the morning.(catch)

    4. The students said that they ____________ from school in three months. (graduate)

    5. The girl is friendly to her grandmother. She usually ________ to see her grandmother once

    a week.(go)

    6. Those tourists _______ in Kunming at ten o’clock yesterday morning. (arrive) 7. ___________ your son or your daughter __________ after you, Mr. Green? (take) 8. I don’t know what Mr. Chang’s wife does. I think she may _________ a conductor.(be) 9. ---- Zhang Xiaohui, have you been to Beijing?

    ---- Not yet . My father tells me that he __________ me there by the year 2012.(take)

    两个进行时态

    一.现在进行时 (概念,句式结构,常用的时间状语及用法) 1. 概念,句式结构及常见的时态标志词 (1).概念: 表示现在正在进行的动作

    (2).句式结构: 主语+ am/is / are +现在分词+其他

    (3).常见的时态标志词:now, at the moment, look, listen等 2.现在分词的构成方式 3.现在进行时的用法:

    (1). 表示目前正在进行的动作。如:

    She is reading a book. 她正在读书

    例:Where’s Tom? His mother __________ him now.

    A. is looking for B. will look for C. has looked for D. looks for(2). 与always,usually,forever等词连用,表示说话者的赞扬、厌恶或不满情绪等。

    如:

    He is always helping others. We all like him. 他总是帮助别人,我们都很喜欢他。

    (3).一些表示位置移动的动词,如go , come, leave等常用现在进行时表示将来发生的;

    动作。如:

    He is leaving for Shanghai tomorrow. 特别提醒:以下动词通常不用于现在进行时

    ① 表示感觉、情感或心理活动的动词,如: hear, listen,look,smell, taste,

    notice,seem, hate, like , want, love, want, wish等 ② 表示所有或占有的动词,如:have, own, belong等

    ③ 表示记忆,理解或决定的动词,如:forget, remember, understand, believe,

    know,decide

    二.过去进行时(概念,句式结构及常用的时间状语和用法) 1. 概念,句式结构及常用的时间状语

    (1).概念:表示过去某个时刻或某段时间正在进行的动作。 (2).句式结构:主语+was/were+现在分词+其他 当主语为一、三人称时用was, 其余用were。

    (3). 常用的时间状语: at nine o’clock last night(昨天晚上九点), at that

    time(那时), at that moment(当时), this time yesterday(昨天的这个时候), from 8:00 to 9:00 last night(昨晚8:00到9:00),以及when和while引导的时间状语从句等。 2.用法

    (1). 表示过去某一时刻正在进行的的动作。如:

    I was watering my flowers at nine yesterday morning.昨天上午九点我在给花浇水。

    (2).表示过去某一段时间正在进行的动作。如:

    What were you doing from 8:00 to 9:00 last night?昨天8点到9点你在干什么? 例.

    --- What were you doing this time yesterday?

    --- I __________ on the grass and drawing a picture. A. sit B. satC. am sitting D. was sitting练习

    1. Hi, Li Ping, stop crossing the road. Don’t you see that the traffic __________ ? (move) 2. The telephone rang while my uncle ___________ supper in the kitchen last Friday.(cook)

    篇三:初中英语八种时态教案

    初中的英语虽然各省学习进度和教学方式有略许不同,但总的内容大致是不变的 The Mainly Revision of the Tenses & Voices in Junior English

    (初中英语时态、语态总复习)

    Ⅰ. 初中英语八种时态归纳复习

    时态是英语学习中一个至关重要的内容,广大初中学生在实际运用时,往往对时态总是倍感棘手,下面我们就归纳复习一下这几种时态。

    一、一般现在时:

    概念:经常、反复发生的动作或行为及现在的某种状况。

    时间状语:

    always, usually, often, sometimes, every week (day, year, month…), once a week, on Sundays, etc.

    基本结构:①be动词;②行为动词

    否定形式:①am/is/are+not;②此时态的谓语动词若为行为动词,则在其前加don't,如主语为第三人称单数,则用doesn't,同时还原行为动词。

    一般疑问句:①把be动词放于句首;②用助动词do提问,如主语为第三人称单数,则用does,同时,还原行为动词。

    二、一般过去时:

    概念:过去某个时间里发生的动作或状态;过去习惯性、经常性的动作、行为。 时间状语:ago, yesterday, the day before yesterday, last week(year, night, month…), in 1989, just now, at the age of 5, one day, long long ago, once upon a time, etc.

    基本结构:①be动词;②行为动词

    否定形式:①was/were+not;②在行为动词前加didn't,同时还原行为动词。 一般疑问句:①was或were放于句首;②用助动词do的过去式did 提问,同时还原行为动词。

    三、现在进行时:

    概念:表示现阶段或说话时正在进行的动作及行为。

    时间状语:now, at this time, these days, etc.

    基本结构:am/is/are+doing

    否定形式:am/is/are+not+doing.

    一般疑问句:把be动词放于句首。

    四、过去进行时:

    概念:表示过去某段时间或某一时刻正在发生或进行的行为或动作。

    时间状语:at this time yesterday, at that time或以when引导的谓语动词是一般过去时的时间状语等。

    基本结构:was/were+doing

    否定形式:was/were + not + doing.

    一般疑问句:把was或were放于句首。

    五、现在完成时:

    概念:过去发生或已经完成的动作对现在造成的影响或结果,或从过去已经开始,持续到现在的动作或状态。

    时间状语:recently, lately, since…for…,in the past few years, etc.

    基本结构:have/has + done

    否定形式:have/has + not +d one.

    一般疑问句:have或has。

    六、过去完成时:

    概念:以过去某个时间为标准,在此以前发生的动作或行为,或在过去某动作之前完成的行为,即“过去的过去”。

    时间状语:before, by the end of last year(term, month…),etc.

    基本结构:had + done.

    否定形式:had + not + done.

    一般疑问句:had放于句首。

    七、一般将来时:

    概念:表示将要发生的动作或存在的状态及打算、计划或准备做某事。

    时间状语:tomorrow, next day(week, month, year…),soon, in a few minutes, by…,the day after tomorrow, etc.

    基本结构:①am/is/are/going to + do;②will/shall + do.

    否定形式:①was/were + not; ②在行为动词前加didn't,同时还原行为动词。 一般疑问句:①be放于句首;②will/shall提到句首。

    八、过去将来时:

    概念:立足于过去某一时刻,从过去看将来,常用于宾语从句中。

    时间状语:the next day(morning, year…),the following month(week…),etc. 基本结构:①was/were/going to + do;②would/should + do.

    否定形式:①was/were/not + going to + do;②would/should + not + do. 一般疑问句:①was或were放于句首;②would/should 提到句首。 Ⅱ. 几种常见时态的相互转换

    英语中的几种时态在一定情况下可以互相转换,以下是几种常见的转换形式:

    一、一般过去时与现在完成时的转换

    在现在完成时中,延续性动词能与表示一段时间的状语连用,瞬间动词却不能。但是,可用别的表达方式:①瞬间动词用于“一段时间 + ago”的一般过去时的句型中;②瞬间动词可改成与之相对应的延续性动词及短语,与一段时间连用;③瞬间动词用于“It is + 一段时间 + since + 一般过去时”的句型中,表示“自从……以来有……时间”的意思,主句一般用it is来代替It has been;④瞬间动词用于“Some time has passed since + 一般过去时”的句型中。请看:

    A. He joined the League two years ago.

    B. He has been in the League for two years.

    C. It is two years since he joined the League.

    D. Two years has passed since he joined the League.

    二、一般现在时与现在进行时的转换

    在一般现在时中,at加上名词表示“处于某种状态”,如at work(在工作), at school(上学、上课)等。此短语可与进行时态转换。请看:

    Peter is at work, but Mike is at play.

    Peter is working, but Mike is playing.

    三、现在进行时与一般将来时的转换

    在现在进行时态中go, come, leave, start, arrive等动词常与表示将来的时间状语连用表示将要发生的动作。如:I am coming, Mum! 意为“我就来,妈妈!”请看: The train is leaving soon.

    The train will leave soon.

    四、“be going to+动词原形”与“will(shall)+动词原形”结构的转换

    “be going to+动词原形”、表示打算、计划要做的事;将来时“will(shall)+动词原形”结构在书面语中,当主语为第一人称时,常用助动词shall。在口语中,所有人称都可以用will。请看:

    We are going to visit the Great Wall next Sunday.

    We shall visit the Great Wall next Sunday.

    Ⅲ. 中考动词时态考点分析

    一、 根据时间状语确定时态的原则

    1. Hurry up! The play for ten minutes. (2002辽宁)

    A. has begun B. had begunC. has been onD. began

    [析] 1. C。since后接时间的起点,for后接时间段,主句动词用现在完成时,应注意瞬间动词与延续性动词的使用。

    二、 在复合句根据时态呼应确定时态的原则

    2. Do you know if back next week? If he back, please let me know. (2002黑龙江 )

    A. he comes; will come B. will he come; comes

    C. he will come; comes D. will he come; will come

    [析] 2. C。if既可引导宾语从句,也可引导状语从句。充当宾语从句的连接词时,相当于whether,词义是“是否”。充当状语从句的连接词时,词义是“如果”。从时态看,if引导宾语从句时谓语动词的时态应根据主句的时态作相应的变化;引导表示将来动作或状态的条件句时,若主句用一般将来时,则从句通常用一般现在时表示将来。

    三、 根据上下文已有时态信息点确定时态的原则

    3. –When this kind of computer?

    --Last year. (2002天津)

    A. did; use B. was; usedC. is; used D. are; used

    [析] 3. B。此例由下句的时间状语推断出一般过去时态,并且要考虑到被动语态。

    四、 利用上下文语意确定时态的原则

    4. –Hi! Lin Tao. I didn’t see you at the party.

    --Oh, I ready for the maths exam. (2002江西)

    A. am gettingB. was getting C. got D. have got

    [析] 4. B。此例由didn’t, at the party推断出应用过去进行时。

    五、 时态中的“特殊”对策的原则

    5. The teacher told us yesterday that December 25 Christmas Day. (2002辽宁)

    A. is B. was C. has been D. will be

    [析] 5. A。 有些动词其动词的时态是“违背常理”的。如宾语从句表示的是一个客观事实或客观真理时,其时态不受主句限制而用一般现在时表示。 The formations of the passive voices of different tenses(A):

    方 式

    时间 一般进行 完成

    现 在 am is+ pp.

    are amis being + pp.

    are hasbeen + pp.

    have

    过 去

    was

    + pp.

    were

    was

    being + pp.

    were

    had been + pp.

    将 来

    shall

    be + pp.

    will

    过 去

    将 来

    should

    be + pp.

    would

    The formations of the passive voices of modal verbs(B):

    must/can/ may/should + be + pp.

    When to use the Passive Voice:

    1. 行为主体不明确,不必说出或者无法说出动作的执行者时。

    Football is played all over the world.

    2. 不易找到或根本就找不到动作的执行者时。

    My bike was stolen.

    3. 汉语含有“据说”、“有人说”等时。

    It is said that another bridge has been built over the Changjiang River.

    4. 汉语中含有“被”、“由”等词时。

    Wei Hua is asked to come by Lin Tao.

    5. 汉语中没有“被”、“由”等词,而在原句中试加这类词且句意通顺时。 These songs are usually sung by boys.

    6. 某些句子习惯上用被动语态。

    He was born in October, 1988.

    7. 表示礼貌时。

    You are friendly invited to come to our English party at 8:00p.m. tomorrow. (Note: 用于被动语态中的动词是及物动词,不及物动词不能用被动语态。)