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2016初三英语语法总结

时间:2016-02-25来源:海达范文网

相关热词搜索:初三英语知识点复习 初三英语语法总结鲁 初三英语语法定语从句 英语语法大全

篇一:2016年中考英语语法知识点难点总结

2016年中考英语语法知识难点大全

英语语法知识难点(一)

(一) 形容词和副词

I. 要点

A. 形容词

1、 形容词的用法

形容词是用来修饰、描绘名词的,通常在句中作定语、表语或宾补,有时还可作状语。如:

He is honest and hardworking. I found the book interesting.

某些形容词与定冠词连用表示一类人作主语时,谓语通常用复数形式。如:

The rich and the poor live in different parts of the city.

The English like to be with their families.

多个形容词作定语修饰名词的顺序:

冠词+序数词+基数词+性质状态(描述性)+形状大小+新旧老少+颜色+国籍+材料+名词。如: the second five interesting big new red Chinese wall papers.

2、 形容词比较等级的形式

(1) 规则形式

一般说来,单音节词及少数双音节词在后加-er; --est 来构成比较级和最高级;其他双音节词及多音节词在前加more, most.如:

great-greater-greatest busy-busier-busiest important-more important-(the)most important

(2) 不规则形式

good (well)-better-best bad (ill)-worse-worst many (much)-more-most little-less-least

(3) 形容词比较等级的用法

①表示两者的比较,用形容词的比较级+than. 如:

He is cleverer than the other boys. This one is more beautiful than that one.

②表示两者以上的比较,用"the +形容词最高级(+名词)+of(in) …"如:

He is the cleverest boy in his class.

③表示两者是同等程度,用"as +形容词原级+as". 如:

He is as tall as I. I have as many books as you.

④ 越… 越…

例如:The more I learn, the happier I am.

⑤ You can never be too careful. 越小心越好

又如:You can never praise the teacher too highly.

你怎么赞扬这个老师也不过分。

⑥ I have never spent a more worrying day.

那一天是最令我担心的一天。

I have never had a better dinner.

这是我吃过的最好的一顿饭。

⑦ My English is no better than yours.

我的英语和你的英语都不怎么样。

B.副词

1、 副词的种类

(1) 时间副词 如:ago, before, already, just, now, early, late, finally, tomorrow等

(2) 地点副词 如:here, there, near, around, in, out, up, down, back, away, outside等。

(3) 方式副词 如:carefully, angrily, badly, calmly, loudly, quickly, politely, nervously等。

(4) 程度副词 如:almost, nearly, much, greatly, a bit, a little, hardly, so, very等。

2、 副词比较等级的用法

其用法与形容词相似,只是副词最高级前可省略定冠词。如:

Of all the boys he sings (the) most beautifully.

We must work harder.

3、 某些副词在用法上的区别

(1) already, yet, still

already表示某事物已经发生,主要用于肯定句;yet表示期待某事发生,主要用于否定句和疑问句;still表示某事还在进行,主要用于肯定句和疑问句,有时也可用于否定句。如:

We've already watched that film.

I haven't finished my homework yet.

He still works until late every night.

(2) too, as well, also, either

too, as well和 also用于肯定句和疑问句,too和as well多用于口语,一般放在句末,而also多用于书面语,一般放在句中与动词连用。either用于否定句和否定的疑问句,往往放在句末。如:

He went there too.

He didn't go there either.

I like you as well.

I also went there.

(3) hard, hardly

hardly意为"几乎"与hard在词义上完全不同。如:

I work hard every day.

I can hardly remember that.

(4) late, lately

lately意为"最近、近来",late意为"晚、迟"。如:

He never comes late.

Have you been to the museum lately?

II. 例题

例1 Tom's father thinks he is already ____

A high enough B tall enough

C enough high C enough tall

解析:该题正确答案是B。修饰人高用tall, 而建筑物的高用high,并且enough修饰形容词要放在形容词后面。因此该题选B。

例2 ____ the worse I seem to be.

A When I take more medicine

B The more medicine I take

C Taking more of the medicine

D More medicine taken

解析:该题正确答案为B。"the+形容词比较级+… , the +形容词比较级+…"意为越…,越…。该句意为:吃的药越多,我的病越是加重。

例3"I haven't been to London yet".

"I haven't been there ____".

A too B also C either D neither

解析:该题正确答案为C。A和B都用于肯定句中。D-neither本身意为否定"两者都不",而C-either则用于否定句中,意为"也"。

例4 Mr Smith was ____ moved at the news.

A deep B deeply C very deep D quite deeply

解析:该题正确答案为B。A. deep用于副词时,修饰具体的深,如dig deep,而B-deeply则修饰表示感情色彩的词,如该题为deeply moved.另如deeply regret等。而D-quite和deeply均为副词,不能互相修饰。

(二) 介词

I. 要点

1、介词和种类

(1) 简单介词,常用的有at, in, on, about, across, before, beside, for , to, without等。

(2) 复合介词,如by means of, along with, because of, in front of, instead of等。

2、介词和其他词类的习惯搭配关系

(1) 和动词的搭配,如agree with, ask for, belong to, break away from, care about等。

(2) 和形容词的搭配,如afraid of, angry with, different from, good at

(3) 和名词的搭配,如answer to , key to, reason for, cause of, visit to等.

3、介词短语可以有自己的修饰语,这种修饰语通常有right, just, badly, all, well, directly, completely等少数几个副词。如:

He came right after dinner.

He lives directly opposite the school.

4、 某些介词的意义与用法举例

(1) at, on, in(表时间)

表示时间点用at,如at four o'clock, at midnight等;表示不确定的时间或短期假日也用at,如at that time, at Christmas等。

指某天用on, 如on Monday, on the end of November, 指某天的朝夕用on,如on Friday morning, on the afternoon of September lst等。

指长于或短于一天的时段用in,如in the afternoon, in February, in Summer, in 1999等。

(2) between, among(表位置)

between仅用于二者之间,但说三者或三者以上中的每两个之间的相互关系时,也用between, 如

I'm sitting between Tom and Alice.

The village lies between three hills.

among用于三者或三者以上之间。如:

He is the best among the students.

(3) beside, besides

beside意为"在…旁边",而besides意为"除…之外"。如: He sat beside me. What do you want besides this?

(4)in the tree, on the tree

in the tree 指动物或人在树上,而on the tree 指果实、树叶长在树上

(5)on the way, in the way, by the way, in this way

on the way 指在路上 in the way 指挡道 by the way 指顺便问一句 in this way 用这样的方法

(6)in the corner, at the corner

in the corner 指在拐角内 at the corner 指在拐角外

(7)in the morning, on the morning

in the morning 是一般说法 on the morning 特指某一天的早晨

(8)by bus, on the bus

by bus 是一般说法 on the bus 特指乘某一辆.

II. 例题

例1 Do you know any other foreign language____ English?

A except B but C beside D besides

解析:A、B两项except等于but,意为"除了…",C-beside意为"在…旁边",不符合题意。而D-besides, 意为"除了…之外,还有"。所以该题正确答案为D。该题意为:除了英语外,你还知道别的语言吗?

例2 He suddenly returned ____ a rainy night.

A on B at C in D during

解析:我们均知道,at night这一短语,但如果night前有修饰词,表具体的夜晚,则要用介词on来修饰,故该题正确答案为A。

例3 I'm looking forward ____your letter.

A to B in C at D on

解析:该题正确答案为A。look forward to 为固定搭配,意为"期望、盼望"。

(三) 连词

I. 要点

1、 连词的种类

(1) 并列连词用来连接并列关系的词、短语或分句,如and, for, or, both…and, either…or, neither…nor等。

(2) 从属连词用来引导从句,如that, if, whether, when, after, as soon as等。

除了从属连词(引导状语从句)外,还有其它可以用来引导从句的词类。它们是连接代词和连接副词(引导名词性从句),关系代词和关系副词(引导定语从句)。

2、 常用连词举例

(1)and 和,并且 They drank and sang all night.

(2) both…and 和, 既…也… Both my parents and I went there.

(3) but 但是,而 I'm sad, but he is happy.

(4) either…or 或…或…, 要么…要么…Either you're wrong, or I am.

(5) for因为 I asked him to stay, for I had something to tell him.

(6) however 然而,可是 Af first, he didn't want to go there. Later, however, he decided to go.

(7) neither…nor 既不…也不 Neither my parents nor my aunt agrees with you.

(8) not only…but(also) 不但…而且…He not only sings well, but also dances well.

(9) or 或者,否则Hurry up, or you'll be late. Are you a worker or a doctor?

(10) so 因此,所以It's getting late, so I must go.

(11) although 虽然 Although it was late, they went on working.

(12) as soon as 一 …就 I'll tell him as soon as I see him.

(13) because 因为 He didn't go to school, because he was ill.

(14)unless 除非,如果不 I won't go unless it is fine tomorrow.

(15)until 直到… He didn't leave until eleven. (瞬间动词用于not… until 结构)

He stayed there until eleven.

(16)while 当…时候,而 (表示对比)

While I stayed there, I met a friend of mine. (while后不可用瞬间动词)

My pen is red while his is blue.

(17)for 因为 He was ill, for he didn't come. (结论是推断出来的)

(18)since自从… I have lived here since my uncle left.

(19)hardly… when 一… 就 I had hardly got to the station when the train left.

(20)as far as 就… 来说As far as I know, that country is very small. You may walk as far as the lake. (一直走到湖那里)

II. 例题

例1 John plays football ____, if not better than, David.

A as well B as well as C so well D so well as

解析:该题意为:John踢足球如果不比David好的话,那也踢得和David一样好。 和…一样好为as well as. 故该题正确答案为B。

例2 She thought I was talking about her daughter, ____, in fact, I was talking about my daughter.

A when B where C which D while

解析:该处意为"然而",只有while有此意思,故选D。

例3 Would you like a cup of coffee ____ shall we get down to business right away?

A. and B. then C. or D. otherwise

解析:该处意为"或者",正确答案为C。

英语语法知识难点(二)

(四)动词时态、语态

I. 要点

1、 一般现在时

(1) 表示经常发生的动作或现在存在的状态,常与sometimes, always, often, every day等时间状语连用。如: Sometimes, we go swimming after school.

(2) 表示客观真理、科学事实等。如:

The earth goes round the sun.

2、 现在进行时

(1) 表示说话时或现阶段正在进行的动作,常与now, at present等时间状语连用。如:

What are you doing now?

(2) 和always, continually等连用,表一种经常反复的动作,常含有某种情感。如:

He is always doing good deeds.

3、 现在完成时

主要表示动作发生在过去,对现在仍有影响,或动作一直延续到现在,或可能还要继续下去,常与just, already, so far, once, never 等词连用。如:

Have you ever been to Beijing?

篇二:2016-2017年关注中考初中英语初一至初三全程知识点总结及练习

初中英语全程知识点总结及练习

初一年级(上)

【知识梳理】

I. 重点短语

1. Sit down

2. on duty

3. in English

4. have a seat

5. at home

6. look like

7. look at

8. have a look

9. come on

10. at work

11. at school

12. put on

13. look after

14. get up

15. go shopping

II. 重要句型

1. help sb. do sth.

2. What about…?

3. Let’s do sth.

4. It’s time to do sth.

5. It’s time for …

6. What’s…? It is…/ It’s…

7. Where is…? It’s….

8. How old are you? I’m….

9. What class are you in? I’m in….

10. Welcome to….

11. What’s …plus…? It’s….

12. I think…

13. Who’s this? This is….

14. What can you see? I can see?.

15. There is (are) ….

16. What colour is it (are they)? It’s (They’re)…

17. Whose …is this? It’s….

18. What time is it? It’s….

III. 交际用语

1. Good morning, Miss/Mr….

2. Hello! Hi!

3. Nice to meet you. Nice to meet you, too.

4. How are you? I’m fine, thank you/thanks. And you?

5. See you. See you later.

6. Thank you! You’re welcome.

7. Goodbye! Bye!

8. What’s your name? My name is ….

9. Here you are. This way, please.

10. Who’s on duty today?

11. Let’s do.

12. Let me see.

IV. 重要语法

1. 动词be的用法;

2. 人称代词和物主代词的用法;

3. 名词的单复数和所有格的用法;

4. 冠词的基本用法;

5. There be句型的用法。

【名师讲解】

1. in/on

在表示空间位置时,in表示在某个空间的范围以内,on表示在某一个物体的表面之上。例如:

There is a bird in the tree. 树上有只鸟。

There is a picture on the wall. 墙上有张图。

2. this/that/these/those

(1)this常常用来指在时间、地点上更接近讲话人的人和事,these是this的复数形式。that常常用来指在时间、地点上离讲话人更远一点的人和事,those时that的复数形式。例如: You look in this box and I’ll look in that one over there.你看看这个盒子,我去看那边的那个盒子。

I want this car, not that car. 我想要这辆小汽车,不是那一辆。

Take these books to his room, please. 请把这些书拿到他房间去。

This is mine; that’s yours. 这个是我的,那个是你的。

These are apples; those are oranges. 这些是苹果,那些是橘子。

(2)在打电话的用语中,this常常指的是我,that常常指的是对方。例如:

This is Mary speaking. Who’s that? 我是玛丽。你是谁?

3. There be/ have

There be "有",其确切含意为"某处或某时存在某人或某物。"其结构是:There be + 某人或某物 + 表示地点或时间的状语。There be 后面的名词实际上是主语,be 动词的形式要和主语在数上保持一致,be动词后面的名词是单数或不可数名词时用is,名词是复数时用are。例如:

(1) There is a big bottle of coke on the table. 桌上有一大瓶子可乐。

(2) There is a doll in the box. 那个盒子里有个娃娃。

(3) There are many apples on the tree. 那树上有许多苹果。

总之,There be结构强调的是一种客观存在的"有"。have表示"拥有,占有,具有",即:某人有某物(sb. have / has sth.)。主语一般是名词或代词,与主语是所属关系。例如:

(4) I have two brothers and one sister.我有两个兄弟,一个姐姐。

(5) That house has four rooms.那所房子有四个房间。

4. look/ see/ watch

(1)look 表示“看、瞧”,着重指认真看,强调看的动作,表示有意识地注意看,但不一定看到,以提醒对方注意。,如:

Look! The children are playing computer games. 瞧!孩子们在玩电脑游戏。

Look! What’s that over there? 看!那边那个是什么?

单独使用是不及物动词,如强调看某人/物,其后接介词at,才能带宾语,如:

He’s looking at me。他正在看着我。

(2)see强调“看”的结果,着重的是look这个动作的结果,意思是“看到”,see是及物动词,后面能直接跟宾语。如:

What can you see in the picture? 你能在图上看到什么?

Look at the blackboard. What did you see on it?看黑板!你看到了什么?

(3)watch“观看,注视”,侧重于场面,表示全神贯注地观看、观察或注视某事务的活动,强调过程,常用于“看电视、看足球、看演出”等。如:

Yesterday we watched a football match on TV.昨天我们从电视上看了一场足球比赛。

4. put on/ / in

put on意为“穿上,戴上”。主要指“穿上”这一动作, 后面接表示服装、鞋帽的名词。 in 是介词,表示“穿着”强调状态。在句中可以做定语、标语和状语。如:

It’s cold outside, put on your coat. 外面冷,穿上你的外衣。

He puts on his hat and goes out. 他戴上帽子,走了出去。

The woman in a white blouse is John’s mother.穿白色衬衣的那个妇女是John的妈妈。

5. house/ home/family

house :“房子”,指居住的建筑物; Home: “家”,指一个人同家人共同经常居住的地方; Family: “家庭“,“家庭成员”。例如:

Please come to my house this afternoon. 今天下午请到我家来。

He is not at home. 他不在家。

My family all get up early. 我们全家都起得很早。

6. fine, nice, good, well

四者都可用作形容词表示"好"之意,但前三者既可作表语又可作定语,而后者仅用作表语。主要区别在于: (1) fine指物时表示的是质量上的"精细",形容人时表示的是"身体健康",也

可以用来指"天气晴朗"。例如:Your parents are very fine. 你父母身体很健康。That's a fine machine. 那是一台很好的机器。It's a fine day for a walk today. 今天是散步的好时候。

(2)nice主要侧重于人或物的外表,有"美好","漂亮"的意思,也可用于问候或赞扬别人。例如:Lucy looks nice. 露西看上去很漂亮。These coats are very nice. 那些裙子很好看。Nice to meet you. 见到你很高兴。It's very nice of you. 你真好。

(3)good形容人时指"品德好",形容物时指"质量好",是表示人或物各方面都好的普通用语。例如:Her son is a good student. 她儿子是一个好学生。The red car is very good. 那辆红色小汽车很好。

(4)well只可用来形容人的"身体好",但不能作定语,它也能用作副词作状语,多放在所修饰的动词之后。例如:I'm very well, thanks. 我身体很好,谢谢。My friends sing well. 我的朋友们歌唱得好。

【考点扫描】

中考考点在本单元主要集中在:

1. 动词be的用法;

2. 人称代词和物主代词的用法;

3. 名词的单复数和所有格的用法;

4. 冠词的基本用法;

5. There be句型的用法。

6. 本单元学过的词汇、短语和句型;

7. 本单元学过的日常交际用语。

考试形式可以是单项填空、完型填空、短文填空、完成句子。

【中考范例】

1. (2004年北京市中考试题)

Mary, please show ________ your picture.

A. my B. mine C. I D. me

【解析】答案:D。该题考查的是人称代词和物主代词的用法。本题中动词show后面跟双宾语,空白处应填入人称代词的宾格me作宾语。

2. (2004年上海市徐汇区中考试题)

_________ orange on the desk is for you, Mike.

A. A B.An C. / D. The

【解析】答案:D。该题考查的是冠词的基本用法。因为是特指课桌上的那个橘子,所以用定冠词the。

3. (2004年哈尔滨市中考试题)

---What _______ the number of the girls in your class?

---About twenty.

A. is B. am C. are D. be

【解析】答案:A。该题考查的是动词be的用法和主谓一致。the number作主语,应该是单数第三人称,动词be变为is。

4. (2004年陕西省中考试题)

There _______ a football match on TV this evening.

A. will have B. is going to be C. has D. is going to have

【解析】答案:B。该题考查的是There be?句型和动词have用法区别。There be句型本身就表示“在某个地方存在某个人或物”,不能和动词have混在一起用。

【满分演练】

一. 单项填空

1. ---What colour is the bike?

---It’s _______ orange.

A. an B. a C. / D. the

2. That isn’t her bag. It’s ________.

A. my B. I C. mine D. me

3. ---Oh, your kite is very nice.

---__________________.

A. That’s right B. No, it’s not nice C. Yes, it is D. Thank you

4. The woman is sixty, but she _______ young.

A. is B. sees C. looks D. watches

5. It’s time ________ lunch. Let’s go home.

篇三:2016-2017年关注中考初中英语初一至初三全程知识点总结及练习

初中英语全程知识点总结及练习

初一年级(上)

【知识梳理】

I. 重点短语

1. Sit down

2. on duty

3. in English

4. have a seat

5. at home

6. look like

7. look at

8. have a look

9. come on

10. at work

11. at school

12. put on

13. look after

14. get up

15. go shopping

II. 重要句型

1. help sb. do sth.

2. What about…?

3. Let’s do sth.

4. It’s time to do sth.

5. It’s time for …

6. What’s…? It is…/ It’s…

7. Where is…? It’s….

8. How old are you? I’m….

9. What class are you in? I’m in….

10. Welcome to….

11. What’s …plus…? It’s….

12. I think…

13. Who’s this? This is….

14. What can you see? I can see?.

15. There is (are) ….

16. What colour is it (are they)? It’s (They’re)…

17. Whose …is this? It’s….

18. What time is it? It’s….

III. 交际用语

1. Good morning, Miss/Mr….

2. Hello! Hi!

3. Nice to meet you. Nice to meet you, too.

4. How are you? I’m fine, thank you/thanks. And you?

5. See you. See you later.

6. Thank you! You’re welcome.

7. Goodbye! Bye!

8. What’s your name? My name is ….

9. Here you are. This way, please.

10. Who’s on duty today?

11. Let’s do.

12. Let me see.

IV. 重要语法

1. 动词be的用法;

2. 人称代词和物主代词的用法;

3. 名词的单复数和所有格的用法;

4. 冠词的基本用法;

5. There be句型的用法。

【名师讲解】

1. in/on

在表示空间位置时,in表示在某个空间的范围以内,on表示在某一个物体的表面之上。例如:

There is a bird in the tree. 树上有只鸟。

There is a picture on the wall. 墙上有张图。

2. this/that/these/those

(1)this常常用来指在时间、地点上更接近讲话人的人和事,these是this的复数形式。that常常用来指在时间、地点上离讲话人更远一点的人和事,those时that的复数形式。例如: You look in this box and I’ll look in that one over there.你看看这个盒子,我去看那边的那个盒子。

I want this car, not that car. 我想要这辆小汽车,不是那一辆。

Take these books to his room, please. 请把这些书拿到他房间去。

This is mine; that’s yours. 这个是我的,那个是你的。

These are apples; those are oranges. 这些是苹果,那些是橘子。

(2)在打电话的用语中,this常常指的是我,that常常指的是对方。例如:

This is Mary speaking. Who’s that? 我是玛丽。你是谁?

3. There be/ have

There be "有",其确切含意为"某处或某时存在某人或某物。"其结构是:There be + 某人或某物 + 表示地点或时间的状语。There be 后面的名词实际上是主语,be 动词的形式要和主语在数上保持一致,be动词后面的名词是单数或不可数名词时用is,名词是复数时用are。例如:

(1) There is a big bottle of coke on the table. 桌上有一大瓶子可乐。

(2) There is a doll in the box. 那个盒子里有个娃娃。

(3) There are many apples on the tree. 那树上有许多苹果。

总之,There be结构强调的是一种客观存在的"有"。have表示"拥有,占有,具有",即:某人有某物(sb. have / has sth.)。主语一般是名词或代词,与主语是所属关系。例如:

(4) I have two brothers and one sister.我有两个兄弟,一个姐姐。

(5) That house has four rooms.那所房子有四个房间。

4. look/ see/ watch

(1)look 表示“看、瞧”,着重指认真看,强调看的动作,表示有意识地注意看,但不一定看到,以提醒对方注意。,如:

Look! The children are playing computer games. 瞧!孩子们在玩电脑游戏。

Look! What’s that over there? 看!那边那个是什么?

单独使用是不及物动词,如强调看某人/物,其后接介词at,才能带宾语,如:

He’s looking at me。他正在看着我。

(2)see强调“看”的结果,着重的是look这个动作的结果,意思是“看到”,see是及物动词,后面能直接跟宾语。如:

What can you see in the picture? 你能在图上看到什么?

Look at the blackboard. What did you see on it?看黑板!你看到了什么?

(3)watch“观看,注视”,侧重于场面,表示全神贯注地观看、观察或注视某事务的活动,强调过程,常用于“看电视、看足球、看演出”等。如:

Yesterday we watched a football match on TV.昨天我们从电视上看了一场足球比赛。

4. put on/ / in

put on意为“穿上,戴上”。主要指“穿上”这一动作, 后面接表示服装、鞋帽的名词。 in 是介词,表示“穿着”强调状态。在句中可以做定语、标语和状语。如:

It’s cold outside, put on your coat. 外面冷,穿上你的外衣。

He puts on his hat and goes out. 他戴上帽子,走了出去。

The woman in a white blouse is John’s mother.穿白色衬衣的那个妇女是John的妈妈。

5. house/ home/family

house :“房子”,指居住的建筑物; Home: “家”,指一个人同家人共同经常居住的地方; Family: “家庭“,“家庭成员”。例如:

Please come to my house this afternoon. 今天下午请到我家来。

He is not at home. 他不在家。

My family all get up early. 我们全家都起得很早。

6. fine, nice, good, well

四者都可用作形容词表示"好"之意,但前三者既可作表语又可作定语,而后者仅用作表语。主要区别在于: (1) fine指物时表示的是质量上的"精细",形容人时表示的是"身体健康",也

可以用来指"天气晴朗"。例如:Your parents are very fine. 你父母身体很健康。That's a fine machine. 那是一台很好的机器。It's a fine day for a walk today. 今天是散步的好时候。

(2)nice主要侧重于人或物的外表,有"美好","漂亮"的意思,也可用于问候或赞扬别人。例如:Lucy looks nice. 露西看上去很漂亮。These coats are very nice. 那些裙子很好看。Nice to meet you. 见到你很高兴。It's very nice of you. 你真好。

(3)good形容人时指"品德好",形容物时指"质量好",是表示人或物各方面都好的普通用语。例如:Her son is a good student. 她儿子是一个好学生。The red car is very good. 那辆红色小汽车很好。

(4)well只可用来形容人的"身体好",但不能作定语,它也能用作副词作状语,多放在所修饰的动词之后。例如:I'm very well, thanks. 我身体很好,谢谢。My friends sing well. 我的朋友们歌唱得好。

【考点扫描】

中考考点在本单元主要集中在:

1. 动词be的用法;

2. 人称代词和物主代词的用法;

3. 名词的单复数和所有格的用法;

4. 冠词的基本用法;

5. There be句型的用法。

6. 本单元学过的词汇、短语和句型;

7. 本单元学过的日常交际用语。

考试形式可以是单项填空、完型填空、短文填空、完成句子。

【中考范例】

1. (2004年北京市中考试题)

Mary, please show ________ your picture.

A. my B. mine C. I D. me

【解析】答案:D。该题考查的是人称代词和物主代词的用法。本题中动词show后面跟双宾语,空白处应填入人称代词的宾格me作宾语。

2. (2004年上海市徐汇区中考试题)

_________ orange on the desk is for you, Mike.

A. A B.An C. / D. The

【解析】答案:D。该题考查的是冠词的基本用法。因为是特指课桌上的那个橘子,所以用定冠词the。

3. (2004年哈尔滨市中考试题)

---What _______ the number of the girls in your class?

---About twenty.

A. is B. am C. are D. be

【解析】答案:A。该题考查的是动词be的用法和主谓一致。the number作主语,应该是单数第三人称,动词be变为is。

4. (2004年陕西省中考试题)

There _______ a football match on TV this evening.

A. will have B. is going to be C. has D. is going to have

【解析】答案:B。该题考查的是There be?句型和动词have用法区别。There be句型本身就表示“在某个地方存在某个人或物”,不能和动词have混在一起用。

【满分演练】

一. 单项填空

1. ---What colour is the bike?

---It’s _______ orange.

A. an B. a C. / D. the

2. That isn’t her bag. It’s ________.

A. my B. I C. mine D. me

3. ---Oh, your kite is very nice.

---__________________.

A. That’s right B. No, it’s not nice C. Yes, it is D. Thank you

4. The woman is sixty, but she _______ young.

A. is B. sees C. looks D. watches

5. It’s time ________ lunch. Let’s go home.

篇四:2015-2016新人教版初三英语全册知识点归纳及习题

2015新人教版九年级英语全册知识点归纳及习题(最新)

Unit 1 How can we become good learners?

短语总结:

1. good learners 优秀的学习者 2. work with friends 和朋友一起学习

3. study for a test 备考 4.have conversations with 与……交谈

5.speaking skills 口语技巧 6.a little 有点儿

7.at first 起初 起先

9.because of 因为

11.look up (在词典中等)查阅;抬头看

13.the meaning of ……的意思

15.talk to 交谈

17.in common 共有的

19.connect ……with ……把……联系。

21.think about 考虑

23.look for 寻找

25.make word cards 制作单词卡片

27.read aloud 大声读

29.give a report 作报告

31.so……that 如此……以至于

33.something interesting 有趣的事情

35.how often 多久一次

37.the ability to do sth. 做某事的能力

39.be interested in 对……感兴趣

41.be good at 在……方面擅长

43.each other 彼此 互相

二.用法集萃

1. by doing sth 通过做某事

3.finish doing sth 完成某事

5.try to do sth 尽力做某事

7.find it+adj+to do sth 发现做某事

9.help sb (to) do sth 帮助某人做某事

11.keep doing sth 一直做某事

13.begin to do sth 开始做某事

15.need to do sth 需要做某事

17.shoot 射(射着,射死等表结果)

8.the secret to......, .......的秘诀 10.as well 也 12.so that 以便,为了 14.make mistakes 犯错误 16.depend on 依靠 依赖 18.pay attention to 注意 关注 20.for example 例如 22.even if 即使 尽管 纵容 24.worry about 担心 担忧 26.ask the teacher for help 向老师求助 28.spoken english 英语口语 30.word by word 一字一字地 32.fall in love with 爱上 34.take notes 记笔记 36.a lot of 许多 38.learning habits 学习习惯 40.get bored 感到无聊 42.be afraid of 害怕 44.instead of 代替 而不是 2.it +be+adj+to do sth 做某事是……的 4.what about doing sth?做某事怎么样? 6.the +比较近,the+比较近 越……,就越…… 8.be afraid of doing sth 害怕做某事 10.practice doing sth 练习做某事 12.be afraid to do sth 害怕做某事 14.want to do sth 想要做某事 16.remember to do sth 记得做某事 18.shoot at( 瞄准) 射

Unit 2 I think that mooncakes are delicious!

一.短语归纳

1.put on 增加(体重)发胖 2.care about 关心 在乎

3.end up 最终成为, 最后处于 4.not only ……but also……不但……而且……

5.shoot down 射下 6.used to do 过去常常做……

7.remind sb. of 使某人想起 8.give out 分发 发放

9.the water festival 泼水节 10.the Chinese spring festival 中国春节

11.next year 明年 12.sound like 听起来像

13.each other 互相 彼此 14.in the shape of 以……的形状

15.on mid-autumn night 在中秋之夜 16.fly up to 飞向

17.lay out 摆开 布置 18.come back 回来

19.as a result 结果 因此 20.mother?s day 母亲节

21.more and more popular 越来越受欢迎 22.think of 想起 认为 思考

23.dress up 装扮 穿上盛装 24.the importance of ……的重要性

25.make money 挣钱 26.in need 需要帮助 处于困境中

27.between ……and…… 在……和……之间 28.the dragon boat festival 龙舟节

29.the lantern festival 元宵节 30.like best 最喜欢

31.go to ……for a vacation 去……度假 32.be similar to 与……相似

33.wash away 冲走 洗掉 34.mid-autumn festival 中秋节

35.shoot down 射下 36.call out 大声呼喊

37.the tradition of ……的传统 38.at night 在夜里 在晚上

39.one……,the other……一个……,另一个… 40.Father?s day 父亲节

41.have to 必须 不得不 42.play a trick on sb 捉弄某人

43.the spirit of ……的精神 44.care about 关心

45.wake up 醒来 46.the beginning of ……的开始

二.用法集萃

1.感叹句式一:What+(a/an) +adj+名词(+主语+谓语+其他)! 多么……的……

感叹句式二:How +adj/adv+主语+谓语+其他! ……多么……!

2.in+时间段 在……后

3.give sb. sth. 给某人某物 4.plan to do sth 计划做某事

5.refuse to do sth 拒绝做某事 6.one of +名词复数形式……之一

7.it +is+名词+动词不定式(to do sth)做某事是… 8.what …think of…?认为…怎么样?

9.make sb do sth 让某人做某事 10.used to be 过去是……

11.warn sb(not) to do sth告诫某人做某事 12.tell sb(not)to do sth 告诉某人做某事

13.decide to do sth 决定 做某事 14.promise to do sth 承诺、答应做某事

三.语法全解

1.宾语从句

一.连词

a.陈述语序(that) b.一般疑问句(if 或whether) c.特殊疑问句(5w,1h)二.陈述语序

三.时态 可跟that从句做宾语的动词:say, think, insist, wish, hope, demand, imagine, wonder, know, see, believe, agree, admit, deny, expect, explain, order, command, feel, dream, suggest, hear, mean, notice, prefer, request, require, propose, declare, report等

例:I don?t know what they are looking for.

Could you tell me when the train will leave?

注意:当主句谓语动词是 think, believe, suppose, expect 等词,而宾语从句的意思是否定时,

常把否定转移至主句表示。

例:I don?t think it is right for him to treat you like that.

注意:由whether,if 引导的宾语从句 由whether(if)引导的宾语从句,实际上是一般疑问句演变而来的,意思是“是否”。

例:I wonder whether(if) they will come to our party.

注意:当宾语从句表示的是一个客观真理或者事实时,即使主句是过去时,从句也用一般现

在时态。

例:The teacher told us that light travels faster than sound.

2.感叹句结构(P56)

How+adj. /adv. + 主 + 谓! What (a/an)+名+ 主 + 谓!

例:What an interesting story it is! How tall Yao Ming is!

练习

a. 将下列句子改为感叹句

It?s a nice dress. They are lovely animals.

It?s bad weather. Her son is very naughty

She is a very careful student.

第二单元检测

一. 单项选择

1.___________exciting news!

A. What B. What an C. How D. How an

2. Do you know _________there will be a soccer match on CCTV5 tonight?

A. that B. if C. where D. when

3. She wondered ________I liked best about Mid-Autumn Festival?

A. that B. whether C. if D. what

4. Chang?e refused _________the magic medicine to Feng Meng.

A. to give B. gave C. giving D. give

5. — It?s dangerous to swim in this river.

— Yes, you are right. The government has people not to swim in it.

A. trained B. warned C. led D. encouraged

6. .I?ve five pounds because I ate too much meat.

A.put up B.put off C.put away D.put on

7. — Linda, do Chinese people celebrate— No. This is the first time I?ve celebrated A. the; the B. the; a C. /; the D. /; a

8. — What did you do on April Fool?s Day?— I played a trick my friends.

A. on B. to C. with D. at

9. —Do you know if Jimmy to the party?

—I am not sure. But if he , I will give him a big surprise.

A. comes; will come B. will come; will come C. comes; comes D. will come; comes 10 —Why do you call these cakes mooncakes?

—Can?t you see? They are in the of the moon.

A. size B. shape C. weight D. taste 11. — we have! There is dragon dance in the park. —Sounds great. We can?t miss it. A. What good luck B. How good luck C. What a good luck D. How a good luck

12. Jenny keeps two pets. One is a dog, _________is a rabbit.

A. another B. an other C. the other D. other

13. Chang?e refused _________the magic medicine to Feng Meng.

A. to give B. gave C. giving D. give

14. ---He dressed up ________a ghost last night. How scary!

---Take it easy! He just played a trick ________us.

A. in, on B. in, in C. as, on D. as, in

15. — Can we visit Hong Kong this summer holiday?

— A. if B. when C. what D. how

.16 — I am going back to America for Thanksgiving Day.

— . And we will miss you.

A. Enjoy yourself B. You?re welcome C. That?s interesting D. The same to you

17.Halloween is a popular festival North America and it?s October 31st.

A.in,on B.in,in C.on, on D.on, in

18.—are you going to Chiang Mai? —In two weeks.

A.How long B.How soon C.How often D.When

A.in B.on C.of D.at

20.

A.How,hoped B.What,hoped C.How,wished D.What, wished

二、用所给单词适当形式填空。

1. Linda?s brother often(wear) a shirt and a tie at work.

2. The old man (lay) out a newspaper on the bench and sat down on it.

3. My dog usually barks when it sees a (strange) walk past.

4. Bad luck! A thief 5. Chinese people often show their hospitality (殷勤招待) by (treat) their friends.

6.I believe that April is the (hot) month of the year.

7.A Christmas Carol is a famous short novel (write) by Charles Dickens.

9.He was _______________(lay) his backpack when his mother came in.

10.The girl refuses ________________(go) home now.

11.I enjoy _______________(read) articles by Lu Xun.

12.Linda said the moon_______________(travel) round the earth.

13.Catherine said that she _______________(go) to Guangzhou.

14. We are sure that he ________ (go) to school tomorrow.

15. Could you tell me where the post office ______ (is)?

16. Our father said that he _______ (will) buy a new computer.

17. I hear that he _______ (swim) in the sea yesterday.

18. The little boy tells us where his father _______ (work).

19.He puts five ________ (pound) into the bottle every day.

21.He tried his best ________ (answer) my questions.

22.People started the tradition of ________ (admire)the moon since then.

23.I plan ________ (travel) during the summer holiday.

24.________ (mother) Day is on the second Sunday of May.

25.I have many ways________ (solve) this problem.

26.They spend two days ________ (do) this task.

27.It is a good idea ________ (memorize) the poem.

28We can get ________ (warm) from the sun.

29.I warn him not ________ (play) on the road.

30.I decide ________ (keep) reading English every morning.

三. 按要求改写下列句子。

1. I had a wonderful time at the party. (改为感叹句)

I had at the party!

2. This idea sounds so amazing. (改为感叹句)

this idea sounds!

3. “The parade will be the best part of the trip,” said Jim. (改为含有宾语从句的复合句) Jim said the parade be the best part of the trip.

4. “Are you sure of the time?” James asked me. (改为含有宾语从句的复合句)

James asked me I sure of the time.

5. Our teacher said to us, “Light travels faster than sound.” (改为含有宾语从句的复合句) Our teacher told us than sound.

6. These flowers are from Guangdong. He said.

He said ___________ these flowers ______________ from Guangdong.

7. Light travels faster than sound. My teacher told me.

My teacher told me ___________ light __________ faster than sound.

8. Can they speak French? I want to know.

I want to know _________ __________ ___________ ___________ French.

四. 根据句意,(一)用所给单词或短语的适当形式填空。

(warm, , punish, dress up as ,think of, care about,, wake up, remind... of)

1. This Halloween, I will 2. When my parents called me from my hometown, I could feel the over the telephone.

3. When I failed my exams, my parents usually encouraged me instead of me.

篇五:2016中考英语语法复习技巧

2016中考英语语法复习技巧

一、注意语法学习成系统

不少学生在“中考临头”时还在没有方向胡乱的进行“题海战术”到处找题做。在整个初中语法学习过程中,尤其在中考之前,一定要注意对整个语法系统的梳理,把语法现象进行归类总结,在头脑中形成一套完整的语法树,这样在做题时才能做到思路清晰,想出题人之所想。

二、注意抓三点(重点、考点和热点)

由于中考的语法考查所涉及的知识面广,同学们在复习过程中若是对所学的知识面面俱到,平均分配复习时间,则可能会事倍功半,达不到最佳复习效果。正确的做法是要抓住“三点”——即重点、考点和热点。那么什么是重点、考点和热点呢?通过对北京市的历届中考试题的深入研究和比较,不难发现:名词的单复数、各类代词(尤其是物主代词、反身代词、不定代词和疑问代词等)、常用介词和连词、形容词和副词的比较等级、动词的时态和语态、情态动词和非谓语动词、各类从句的引导词选择、宾语从句的词序等等是中考语法试题的重点,也是常考的考点和命题的热点。

三、注意使用适当的方法

复习中抓住了重点、考点和热点,在应考过程中同学们还要注意使用适当的方法。通常做语法题的方法有:

正选法:即通过阅读题目和选项,综合自己的知识直接选出答案。此法主要适合于做一些难度不大的题目。

排除法:即通过排除错误答案来确定正确答案。此法主要适合于有一定难度的试题,即对试题的正确答案没有把握,似是而非,此时假若我们能根据自己的知识确定其余三项为错误答案,那么这个似是而非的答案即为正确答案。

语境法:即通过对上下文的语境进行分析,从而选出一个不仅语法正确,而且合情合理的答案。有时我们可能会遇到这样一些题,它的四个选项从语法上看似乎都是对的,但如果从上下文的意思来分析却只有一个答案最合情理、最合逻辑,那么只有这个既合语法又合情理的答案才是对的。

分类法:即通过对所给答案进行分类,依次排除错误答案,从而选出正确答案。

还原法:即把非正常语序的句子,如疑问句,倒装句等还原成陈述句的语序,这样就能很快得出正确答案。

1、每天要坚持听录音、跟读初三的英语课文,在听读过程中留意单词拼写、重点词汇与句型以及需要掌握的语言点,从而进一步落实基础知识。

2016初三英语语法总结

2、花一些时间整理中考模拟卷和纠错本,帮助自己查漏补缺、温故知新,从而达到有效复习的目的。同时尽可能利用你的周围资源,如请同学和老师来帮你答疑解惑。

3、适当地给自己增加一些中考模拟题的练习,但在做题的过程中应避免偏题和怪题。完型填空和阅读理解每天坚持做1—2篇,在规定时间内完成。良好的语感的养成对英语解题是很有用的。

4、在最后的复习阶段要提醒自己注重解题技巧。比如选择题应采用排除法等进行解答,以便确保准确率。

5、平时应多看一些范文。比如:双语报中的作文题,在下一期里都会有范文提供,这些范文都应看一下,尤其要注意文中承前启后的句子,把这些句子正确的用在自己的作文中,得分就会高很多。平时作文的得分在10分以下的,自己应该多练,并请老师给你面批,这样进步会很快。

6、临近中考,家长和学生都会越来越担心到时候能否考好,所以也往往容易急躁和焦虑。作

为家长很有必要帮助自己和孩子调整好心态。只有这样,学生在中考的考场上才能无所畏惧,信心百倍,最大限度地发挥自己的能力。